Tuesday, March 31, 2015

Six Rights of Every Muslim

Tafseer of the Hadeeth of Six Rights of every Muslim

Ash-Shaikh 'Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sa'dee's explanation of the hadeeth regarding the Muslim's rights
 Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallaahu 'anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said, 

"The rights of the Muslim upon the Muslim are six."
 It was said, "And what are they Oh Messenger of Allaah?" He replied, "When you meet him, give him the greeting of peace, when he invites you, respond to his invitation, when he seeks your advice, advise him, when he sneezes and praises Allaah, supplicate for mercy upon him, when he becomes ills, visit him, and when he dies follow him (i.e. his funeral)." 

This hadeeth was reported by Muslim.These six rights, whoever establishes them in dealing with the Muslims, then his establishing things other than them (from the obligations) are even more important (or necessary). And his doing these things results in him fulfilling these obligations and rights, which contain an abundance of good and tremendous reward from Allaah.

The First Right:

"When you meet him, give him the greeting of peace." For verily the greeting of peace is a cause of love, which results in producing faith (Al-Eemaan), which results in the person entering the Paradise. This is as Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said, 

"By the o­ne in Whose Hand is my soul, you all will not enter into the Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love each other. Shall I not direct you to something that if you do it, you will love each other? Spread the greeting of peace amongst yourselves."

The greeting of peace is from the virtuous characteristics of Islaam. For verily each of the two people who meet each other supplicates for the other for safety from evils, and mercy, and blessing that brings about every good. And what follows this is a cheerful face and appropriate words of greeting which result in unity and love, and it removes feelings of estrangement and cold disassociation. Thus, giving the greeting of peace is the right of the Muslim, and it is obligatory upon the person who is greeted to return greeting with a similar greeting or o­ne that is better than it. And the best of the people are those who start the greeting of peace first.

The Second Right:

"When he invites you, respond to his invitation." This means that when he invites you with an invitation to some food and drink, then fulfill the request of your brother who has drawn near to you and honored you with the invitation. Respond to his invitation (i.e. accept it), unless you have an excuse.

The Third Right:

His statement, "And when he seeks your advice, advise him." This means that if he seeks consultation with you regarding some action, as to whether he should do it or not, then advise him with that which you would like for yourself. Thus, if the action is something that is beneficial in all aspects, then encourage him to do that, and if it is something harmful, then warn him against it. And if the action contains both benefit and harm, then explain that to him and weigh the benefits against the harms. Likewise, if he consults with you concerning some dealing with someone among the people, or whether he should marry a woman off to someone, or whether he should marry someone, then extend your pure and sincere advice to him, and deal with him from the view point of what you would do for you own self. And avoid deceiving him in any matter of these things. For verily whoever deceives the Muslims, then he is not of them, and indeed he has left off the obligation of being sincere and advising. And this sincerity and advising is absolutely obligatory, however it becomes more emphasized when the person seeks your advice and he requests from you that you give him a beneficial opinion. For this reason the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) specifically mentioned it in this important situation. The explanation of the hadeeth, "The religion is sincerity", has already been mentioned previously (in this book) in a manner that suffices without us having to repeat the discussion here.

The Fourth Right:

"And when he sneezes and praises Allaah, then pray for mercy upon him." 
This is due to the fact that sneezing is a favor from Allaah, in the expelling of this congested air that is blocked in certain parts of the body of the human being. Allaah makes it easy for this air to have a passage out where it can exit, and thus the sneezing person feels relief. Thus, the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) legislated that the person praise Allaah for this favor, and he legislated for his (Muslim) brother to say to him, "May Allaah have mercy upon you." He also commanded the person who sneezed to answer his (Muslim) brother by saying to him, "May Allaah guide you and set right your affairs." Therefore, whoever does not praise Allaah, then he does not deserve for others to pray for mercy upon him, and in this case he cannot blame anyone except himself. For he is the o­ne who has caused himself to lose the two blessings: the blessing of praising Allaah, and the blessing of his brother's supplication for him that is a result of the praising.

The Fifth Right:

His statement, "And when he becomes ill, visit him." Visiting the sick is from the rights of the Muslim, and especially for the person who has a highly stressed and emphasized right upon you, like the relative, and the friend, and so forth. It is from the best of the righteous deeds. And whoever visits his Muslim brother, he remains engulfed in the mercy (of Allaah), and when he sits with him the mercy (of Allaah) covers him. And whoever visits the sick Muslim at the beginning of the day, the Angels send prayers of blessing upon him until evening comes, and whoever visits him at the end of the day, the Angels send prayers of blessing upon him until morning comes. It is desired for the person who visits the sick to supplicate for him to be cured and to make him feel at ease. He should ease his worries by giving him glad tidings of well-being and recovery (i.e. be positive). He should remind him of repentance and turning to Allaah, and he should give him beneficial admonition. He should not sit with him too long (i.e. over staying his welcome), rather he should o­nly sit with him long enough fulfill the right of visiting, unless the sick person is positively effected by many people coming in to see him and many people coming to sit with him. Thus, for each situation there is a different statement (i.e. advice o­n how to deal with it).

The Sixth Right:

His statement, "And if he dies, follow him (his funeral)." For verily whoever follows the funeral until the deceased's body is prayed over, then he will receive a Qeeraat of reward. (Translator's note: A Qeeraat is an amount equivalent to the size of the Mountain of Uhud in Madinah.) And if he follows the funeral procession until the body is buried, then he will receive two Qeeraats of reward. And following the funeral procession contains (fulfillment of) a right for Allaah, a right for the deceased, and a right for the living relatives of the deceased.

Ash-Shaikh 'Abdur-Rahmaan bin Naasir As-Sa`dee (Rahimahullaah)

 Bahjatu Quloob il-Abraar wa Qurratu 'Uyoon il-Akhyaar fee Jaami' il-Akhbaar, pp. 65-67, hadeeth no. 29. 

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Dua during Sujud for worldly matters – Shaykh Abdil-‘Azeez Aali Shaikh

Du`a’ during Sujud for worldly matters
Q: Is it permissible to supplicate during Sujud (prostration) for worldly matters?
A: The Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) for the praying person is to start Sujud with the Adhkar (invocations) reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Subhana Rabbiya Al-A`la (Glory be to my Lord, the Most High)” ten times as this is the perfect number of glorification. Scholars maintain that the less perfect number of glorification is three time, and what is sufficient is one time.
This is supported by the evidence reported by the Five Compilers of Hadith (Imams Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Al-Tirmidhy, Al-Nasa’y, and Ibn Majah) save Al-Tirmidhy on the authority of Hudhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him) in the Hadith about his Salah (Prayer) with the Prophet (peace be upon him) at night, in which he said: I offered Salah along with the Prophet (peace be upon him). In his Ruku` (bowing), he would say: “Subhana Rabbiya Al-`Azhim (Glory be to my Lord, the Most Great),” and in his Sujud, he would say: “Subhana Rabbiya Al-A`la.” It was reported on the authority of `Uqbah ibn `Amir that he said: When the Ayah (Qur’anic verse) Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High, was revealed, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Make it in your Sujud.”
The evidence that the perfect number of glorification is ten times is what was reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and Al-Nasa’y from Sa`id ibn Jubayr on the authority of Anas that he said: After the Messenger’s (peace be upon him) passing away, I have not prayed behind anyone whose Salah is more similar to the Messenger’s Salah (peace be upon him) than this boy, meaning `Umar ibn `Abdul-`Aziz. We estimated the number of the glorifications that he made during his Ruku` to be ten and in his Sujud also to be ten.
However, if – after that – a person adds a Du`a’ Ma’thur (supplication based on transmitted reports) or Adhkar prescribed in Sujud, this is good.
This includes saying:
Subbuhun quddusun Rabbul-mala’ikati war-ruh (Glorified, Holy, Lord of the Angels and the Ruh (Gabriel)”,
Subhanaka Allahumma wa bihamdika. Allahumma ighfir li (Glory be to You, O Allah, our Lord, and praise be to You, O Allah, forgive me)”,
Allahumma ighfir li dhanbi kullahu, diqqahu wa-jillahu, wa-awwalahu wa-akhirahu, wa-`alaniyatahu wa-sirrahu (O Allah forgive me all my sins, slight and grave, first and last, open and secret thereof).”
It is permissible for people to ask their Lord for whatever they need, as asking Allah and humiliating oneself to Him is in conformity with the meaning of Al-Uluhiyyah (Allah’s Exclusive Right to be worshipped) and answering the seekers accords with the meaning of Al-Rububiyyah (Oneness of Allah’s Lordship). Whenever a person perceives this, the light of Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah/monotheism) and Iman (faith/belief) will fill their hearts and they will resort to their Lord in all their worldly and religious affairs. In this case, a person is given glad tidings and should hope for the best.
Sujud is a position where Du`a’ (supplication) is more likely to be answered, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: As for Sujud, strive hard in Du`a’ therein because it is more likely that your Du`a’ will be answered.
Fatwas by His Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh 

Thursday, March 19, 2015

– Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih al-Uthaymeen- How does a Father Teach his Children Tawheed?

Assalama LAYKUM  wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuhu

كيف يعلم الأب أبناءه التوحيد؟

Shaykh Allama Muhammad bin Salih al-Uthaymeen -Rahimullaah- was asked:
How does a father teach his children Tawheed?
 He answered:
 ● ‘He teaches them Tawheed just like he teaches them other matters of the Deen. From the best of what is in this subject is the book ‘The Three Principles’ by Shaykh-ul-Islaam Muhammad bin AbdulWahab. If he makes them memorise it by heart and explains to them its meanings appropriately to their understanding and their intellects.
Then there comes a lot of goodness from this. This is because this book is built upon questions and answers, and clear easy expressions, which have no complexity.
Then the father shows them the Ayaat of Allaah (His signs) so that he can practically implement what is mentioned in this small book.
For example,  the sun, the father asks, who created it? Likewise the moon,  the stars,  the night and day, you say to them:
‘The sun, who created it? Allaah.
The moon?   Allaah,  the night?  Allaah, the day?  Allaah.  Allaah -Azza wa Jal- created all of these. This is so that one can water the tree of the Fitrah (the natural disposition) because the human himself has been created with his natural disposition upon Tawheed of Allaah -Azza wa Jal.
 Like the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:
(كل مولود يولد على الفطرة ، فأبواه يهودانه أوينصرانه أو يمجسانه)
‘Every newborn is born upon the Fitrah (natural disposition), so it is his parents who either make him into a Jew or into a Christian or into a Majoos (fire worshipper).’
● Also he teaches them Wudu, how to make Wudu by demonstration and saying: This is how one does Wudu, and he performs the Wudu in front of him.
● Likewise the Salah (prayer), along with taking aid with Allaah Ta’ala, and asking Allaah -Azza wa Jal- for guidance for them. Also, that one keeps away from any statement which opposes good behaviour or every prohibited action, so he should not get them used to lying,  cheating and treachery,  nor lowly manners.
Even if the father was trialed by prohibited actions, like if he was trialed by smoking,  he should not smoke in front of them because they will get used to it and it will become easy upon them to do it as well.
 One should know that every man of a household is responsible for the people of the house, due to the saying of Allah Tabaraka wa Ta’ala:
(يَا أَيُّهَاالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَاراً)
《 O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell)》[Tahreem: 6]
Our protecting them from the fire cannot be except if we get them used to righteous actions and to leave off bad actions. The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- affirmed that in his saying:
(الرجل راع في أهله ومسؤول عن رعيته)
‘A man is a shepherd for his family and he is responsible for his flock.’
A father should know that their being righteous is beneficial to him in this world and the hereafter Indeed from the closest of people to their fathers and mothers are the righteous children, male and female.
(وإذا مات الإنسان انقطع عمله إلا من ثلاث: صدقة جارية، أو علم ينتفع به،أو ولد صالح يدعو له )
‘When a person dies his actions cease except for three: continuous charity,  or knowledge people benefit from,  or a righteous child who supplicates for him.’
We ask Allah Ta’ala to aid all of us upon carrying out the trust and responsibility.’
[Silsilah Noor ala Darb. Tape: 350 side A]

Friday, March 13, 2015

Khutbah On traffic safety

On traffic safety
First sermon
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. He created man and honoured him. He also has also bestowed upon him blessings and taught him. I extol the Almighty Allah as is befitting to His great sovereignty and glorious status and I bear witness that there is no deity but Him, having no associates.
I also bear witness that our Master Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. May the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his pure family, his companions and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.
O Servants of Allah, I urge myself first and all of you to obey Allah and be submissive to Him. Verily, Allah, Exalted is He, has declared the truth in His Holy Book: "O mankind, fear your Lord and fear a Day when no father will avail his son, nor will a son avail his father at all. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth, so let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the Deceiver." (Luqman: 33).
Dear Muslims,
The Exalted is He has conferred upon His servants plenty of blessings and offered them nowadays windows to science and knowledge that have never been accessible before. By the grace of Allah, people succeeded to invent new and unprecedented tools like the new modes of transport which help them move easily and conveniently. The Almighty says, "and [He created] the horses, mules and donkeys for you to ride and [as] adornment. And He creates that which you do not know." (Annahl: 8).
As you can see at the end of this verse, Our Lord brings our attention to the prospect of producing more types of transportation thanks to our inherent intelligence and knowledge. Some of those novel inventions that facilitate life and we enjoy so much are vehicles, which proved to be a better means of transportation than animals. The importance of efficient transportation is evidenced in this Hadith: "Part of a man's happiness is a spacious dwelling, a good neighbour, and a good mount."
So those who get this favour are fortunate and should appreciate it dearly, preserve it, best use it and thank Allah for it. Indeed our Lord ordered us to be grateful for having these blessings in many places like in this verse: "And who created the species, all of them, and has made for you of ships and animals those which you mount. That you may settle yourselves upon their backs and then remember the favour of your Lord when you have settled upon them and say. "Exalted is He who has subjected this to us, and we could not have [otherwise] subdued it. And indeed we, to our Lord, will [surely] return." (Azzukhruf: 12-14).
Dear Servants of Allah,
Traffic safety is one of the great purposes of our religion aiming at preserving private and public interests. To help achieve this, we have to observe the rights of the road as our Prophet Muhammad pbuh said in the following Hadith: "fulfil the rights of the road." This can include anything from respecting traffic law, to avoiding distraction caused by the use of mobile phones for reading or sending messages. Being engaged in such acts is harmful and may lead to disastrous consequences. The Almighty says, "and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction." (Al Baqara: 195).
To this end, we need also to get calm, restrain ourselves, be patient, watch the road, anticipate others' mistakes, give way as much as we can, use the parking areas in the most optimal way and be lenient. Our Prophet pbuh said, " verily Allah loves kindness in every matter."
Dear Muslims,
To protect traffic safety, one has to commit to many acts, most importantly prudence. Being cautious is a good moral, about which our Prophet pbuh said as he was addressing one of his companions, "you possess two qualities that Allah loves. These are clemency and tolerance." He also says, "Taking the good route is a part of the twenty-four parts of Prophethood."
Prudence implies here avoiding excessive speed while driving as this violates the law and contradicts one's dignity, not to forget that it may lead to fatal accidents. Our Lord says, "and the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth easily."  (Al Furqan: 63). That is, quietly and solemnly.
Else, our Prophet pbuh ordered us to commit to tranquillity in our pursuit of prayer, being the greatest act of worships. On this matter he said "when the Iqamah is called for the prayer, do not come running. Come walking with tranquillity. Whatever you catch up with, pray, and whatever you miss, complete it."
Also Islam calls upon us to be prudent in all matters of our life because haste makes waste of all forms.  The Messenger of Allah said, "deliberateness is from Allah, and haste is from the Ash-shaitan."
Careful consideration of decisions can only bring good outcomes, and is also a means to achieve goals and objectives as expressed in this Hadith: "al-Qasd (always adopt a middle, moderate, regular course) whereby you will reach your al-Qasd (target)." Another endorsement is highlighted in this poetry verse: "A cautious man may reach but little of his target, as opposed to the hasty man who may turn rather faulty."
Dear Worshippers,
We should know that the soul is a great trust, which  Allah the Almighty has assigned to us. So neither must we take it, nor cause it harm. Our Lord says, "and do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful." (Annisaa: 29).
In fact, amongst the primary goals of religion are safeguarding lives and interdicting all forms of harm upon others. The Messenger of Allah pbuh said in this regard, "there is no injury nor return of injury." He pbuh also banned us from frightening people in any way, so he said, "it is not lawful for a Muslim that he frightens a Muslim."
In the same manner, he who violates traffic law contradicts religion. This is because either he will harm himself, others or both. And a Muslim is enjoined to refrain from doing that as illustrated in the following Hadith: "The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand the people are safe."
O Muslims, beware and avoid causing any harm to anyone; otherwise, you will slide in sins and turn out to be losers.
Dear Servants of Allah,
Please know that respecting traffic regulations reflects the fine attitude of the motorist and the extent of his commitment to laws and systems, which are drawn for the good of society. These laws and regulations are tools for benefiting people and the nation, protecting lives and maintaining facilities and properties. So let us then work hand in hand to achieve traffic safety as Allah the most Exalted says, "and cooperate in righteousness and piety." (Al Maeda: 2).
With this in mind, O Allah help us to obey You, Your Messenger Muhammad pbuh and those You have decreed on us to obey in compliance with Your orders: "O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you." (Annisaa: 59).
May Allah direct us all to the blessings of the Glorious Quran and the Sunna of His Messenger pbuh and benefit us all in whatever is in them.
I say this and ask Allah the Great, the Most Honoured for forgiveness for me, you and all the Muslims for every sin, so invoke Him for forgiveness, for He is the Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Second sermon
Praise be to Allah. I bear witness that there is no deity but Him, having no associates. I also bear witness that our Master Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger, may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his pure family, his Companions and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.
Servants of Allah
Please be aware that you are asked to obey Him, the Almighty, as it ought to be by observing Him in private and in public and know that breaching traffic regulations most likely leads to high risks and damages. For indeed many devastating accidents happened, many lives lost, many families bereaved, many people have been permanently disabled, lots of money wasted and roads damaged just because of traffic accidents resulting from negligence and indulgence. 
Part of their engagement in the welfare of citizens and residents, our leadership are strongly keen on people's safety by enacting traffic laws and carrying out awareness campaigns. So the whole responsibility lies on everyone as our Prophet pbuh said, "everyone of you is a guardian, and responsible for what is in his custody."
Bear in mind that you are asked to offer prayer and greetings upon our most noble Prophet pbuh for Allah says, "indeed, Allah and His angels sends blessing upon the Prophet. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace." (Al Ahzab: 56).
On the same matter, the Prophet pbuh said, "for everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah." He also said, "nothing turns back the Decree except supplication."
May the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon our Master Muhammad pbuh, his family and all his Companions. May Allah be pleased with the Rightly Guided Caliphs: Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.
O Allah, help us to succeed in good speech and work and protect us from sins. O Allah bless us with the grace of thanking You for Your bounties on us and for worshipping You.
O Allah, we implore You at this instant not to let a sin unforgiven, a distress unrelieved, an illness unhealed or a handicapped without relief, a dead without mercy or a debt unsettled. Our Lord, give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire.
O Allah, may we ask You to help us with what gets us closer to Paradise and furthers us from hell. O Allah we seek Your grace to admit us, our parents, whoever has done a favour to us and all Muslims to Your Paradise.
May Allah grant success and continued good health to our leader HH Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. May Allah also ensure success to his Deputy, HH Sheikh Mohammad bin Rashid Al Maktoum, and provide strength and assistance to his brothers, Their Highness The Rulers of the Emirates, and his trustworthy Crown Prince HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
O Allah, forgive all of the Muslims, men and women, living and dead, and make blessings follow us and them. May Allah have mercy on Sheikh Zayed and Sheikh Maktoum and all their brothers, the Late UAE Sheikhs. O Lord, forgive and show mercy to our parents, relatives and  whoever has done a favour to us.
O Allah, we pray to You to grant Your forgiveness to who built this mosque and to his or her  parents as well as to anyone who gave to this mosque. O Allah, we also supplicate to You to forgive whoever built a mosque where Your name is remembered.
O Allah, make this gathering one of compassion, and our dispersion after it one that is infallible. O Allah, do not let anyone amongst us deprived, desperate or unhappy.
We pray to Allah, the Most Gracious, to preserve the UAE from all temptations, both apparent and hidden, and continue blessing the UAE and all Muslim countries with safety and security.
"Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded." (Annahl: 90).
O servants of Allah, remember Allah and He will remember you. Be grateful for His benevolence He will increase His blessings to you. Allah, the Most High, says, "and establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do." (Al Ankaboot: 45).

Mostapha El Mouloudi
 السَّلاَمَةُ الْمُرُورِيَّةُ
الْخُطْبَةُ الأُولَى
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، خَلَقَ الإِنْسَانَ وَكَرَّمَهُ، وَأَنْعَمَ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَّمَهُ، أَحْمَدُهُ سُبْحَانَهُ كَمَا يَنْبَغِي لِجَلاَلِ وَجْهِهِ وَعَظِيمِ سُلْطَانِهِ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَنَا وَنَبِيَّنَا مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ، فَاللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا وَنَبِيِّنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ.
أَمَّا بَعْدُ: فَأُوصِيكُمْ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ وَنَفْسِي بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ، قَالَ سُبْحَانَهُ  وتَعَالَى:( يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ وَاخْشَوْا يَوْماً لاَ يَجْزِي وَالِدٌ عَنْ وَلَدِهِ وَلاَ مَوْلُودٌ هُوَ جَازٍ عَنْ وَالِدِهِ شَيْئاً إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ فَلاَ تَغُرَّنَّكُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَلاَ يَغُرَّنَّكُم بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ)([1]).
أَيُّهَا الْمُسْلِمُونَ: لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَلَى عِبَادِهِ بِالنِّعَمِ الْوَفِيرَةِ،  وَفَتَحَ عَلَيْهِمْ فِي هَذِهِ الأَزْمِنَةِ مِنَ الْعُلُومِ وَالْمَعَارِفِ الَّتِي لَمْ تَتَهَيَّأْ لِمَنْ قَبْلَهُمْ، وَوَفَّقَهُمْ لِمُخْتَرَعَاتٍ لَمْ يُسْبَقُوا إِلَيْهَا، وَمِنْ جُمْلَةِ ذَلِكَ؛ وَسَائِلُ النَّقْلِ الْحَدِيثَةُ بِأَنْوَاعِهَا، تِلْكَ الَّتِي سَهَّلَتْ عَلَى الإِنْسَانِ  التَّنَقُّلَ فِي يُسْرٍ وَسُهُولَةٍ، وَرَاحَةٍ وَهَنَاءٍ، يَقُولُ رَبُّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى مُمْتَنًّا عَلَى عِبَادِهِ:( وَالْخَيْلَ وَالْبِغَالَ وَالْحَمِيرَ لِتَرْكَبُوهَا وَزِينَةً وَيَخْلُقُ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ)([2]). فَأَخْبَرَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى فِي خِتَامِ الآيَةِ بِأَنَّهُ سَيُلْهِمُ عِبَادَهُ اخْتِرَاعَ مَرَاكِبَ هِيَ أَنْفَعُ لَهُمْ مِنَ الدَّوَابِّ، بِمَا فَطَرَهُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ وَالذَّكَاءِ، وَمِنْهَا الْمَرْكَبَاتُ الْحَدِيثَةُ الَّتِي نَتَنَعَّمُ بِهَا([3]). فَهِيَ نِعْمَةٌ كَبِيرَةٌ، وَسَبَبٌ مِنْ أَسْبَابِ الْحَيَاةِ السَّعِيدَةِ، يَقُولُ النَّبِيُّ r:« مِنْ سَعَادَةِ الْمَرْءِ: الْجَارُ الصَّالِحُ، وَالْمَرْكَبُ الْهَنِيءُ، وَالْمَسْكَنُ الْوَاسِعُ»([4]). فَطُوبَى لِمَنْ قَدَرَ هَذِهِ النِّعْمَةَ قَدْرَهَا، وَحَافَظَ عَلَى سَلاَمَتِهَا، وَأَحْسَنَ اسْتِعْمَالَهَا، وَشَكَرَ اللَّهَ عَلَيْهَا، فَقَدْ أَمَرَنَا اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِشُكْرِ هَذِهِ النِّعَمِ فِي مُحْكَمِ التَّنْزِيلِ، فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَهُ:( وَجَعَلَ لَكُمْ مِنَ الْفُلْكِ وَالأَنْعَامِ مَا تَرْكَبُونَ* لِتَسْتَوُوا عَلَى ظُهُورِهِ ثُمَّ تَذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ رَبِّكُمْ إِذَا اسْتَوَيْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ وَتَقُولُوا سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ* وَإِنَّا إِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنقَلِبُونَ)([5]).
وَمَعْنَى مُنقَلِبُونَ أَيْ رَاجِعُونَ([6]).
عِبَادَ اللَّهِ: إِنَّ السَّلاَمَةَ الْمُرُورِيَّةَ مَقْصَدٌ عَظِيمٌ مِنْ مَقَاصِدِ الشَّرْعِ الْحَكِيمِ، لِمَا فِيهَا مِنْ حِفْظِ الْمَصَالِحِ الْخَاصَّةِ وَالْعَامَّةِ، وَمِمَّا يُعِينُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ: إِعْطَاءُ الطِّرِيقِ حَقَّهُ، يَقُولُ نَبِيُّنَا rأَعْطُوا الطَّرِيقَ حَقَّهُ»([7]).
وَمِنْ حَقِّ الطَّرِيقِ عَلَيْنَا: مُرَاعَاةُ قَوَانِينِ السَّيْرِ، وَالأَنْظِمَةِ الْمُرُورِيَّةِ، وَاحْتِرَامُ إِشَارَاتِ الْمُروُرِ، وَعَدَمُ الاِنْشِغَالِ بِمَا يُشَتِّتُ الذِّهْنَ، وَيَصْرِفُ التَّرْكِيزَ، كَالْهَوَاتِفِ النَّقَّالَةِ، وَقِرَاءَةِ الرَّسَائِلِ أَوْ كِتَابَتِهَا، فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ خَطَرُهُ كَبِيرٌ، وَضَرَرُهُ جَسِيمٌ، وَقَدْ يَقَعُ بِسَبَبِهِ مَا لاَ تُحْمَدُ عَوَاقِبُهُ مِنَ الْحَوَادِثِ وَالْكَوَارِثِ، وَقَدْ قَالَ رَبُّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى:( وَلاَ تُلْقُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى التَّهْلُكَةِ)([8]).
وَكَذَلِكَ التَّحَلِّي بِالْهُدُوءِ وَضَبْطِ النَّفْسِ وَالصَّبْرِ، وَالاِنْتِبَاهُ لِلطَّرِيقِ، وَتَوَقُّعُ أَخْطَاءِ  الآخَرِينَ، وَفَسْحُ الطَّرِيقِ مَا أَمَكَنَ، وَحُسْنُ اسْتِخْدَامِ الْمَوَاقِفِ، وَمُلاَزَمَةُ اللِّينِ وَالرِّفْقِ، يَقُولُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ r إِنَّ اللَّهَ
يُحِبُّ الرِّفْقَ فِي الْأَمْرِ كُلِّهِ»([9]).
أَيُّهَا الْمِسْلِمُونَ: إِنَّ أَسْبَابَ الْمُحَافَظَةِ عَلَى السَّلاَمَةِ الْمُرُورِيَّةِ  كَثِيرَةٌ، وَمِنْ أَهَمِّهَا التَّأَنِي وَالتَّرَوِّي، فَالأَنَاةُ خُلُقٌ حَمِيدٌ، وَسُلُوكٌ رَشِيدٌ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ r لأَحَدِ أَصْحَابِهِ :« إِنَّ فِيكَ خَصْلَتَيْنِ يُحِبُّهُمَا اللَّهُ: الْحِلْمُ، وَالْأَنَاةُ»([10]). وَقَالَ r:« السَّمْتُ الْحَسَنُ وَالتُّؤَدَةُ وَالِاقْتِصَادُ جُزْءٌ مِنْ أَرْبَعَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ جُزْءًا مِنَ النُّبُوَّةِ»([11]).
وَمِنَ التَّرَوِّي: اجْتِنَابُ السُّرْعَةِ الزَّائِدَةِ أَثْنَاءَ قِيَادَةِ السَّيَّارَاتِ، فَهِيَ تُخَالِفُ الْقَانُونَ، وَتُنَافِي السَّكِينَةَ وَالْوَقَارَ، وَتَقُودُ لِلْحَوَادِثِ الْمُؤْلِمَةِ الْمُوجِعَةِ الْمُؤَدِّيَةِ إِلَى الْوَفَاةِ، قَالَ تَعَالَى:( وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا)([12]). أَيْ: بِسَكِينَةٍ وَوَقَارٍ([13]).
وَقَدْ أَمَرَ النَّبِيُّ r بِالْتِزَامِ السَّكِينَةِ فِي السَّعْيِ إِلَى أَعْظَمِ الْعِبَادَاتِ وَهِيَ الصَّلاَةُ فَقَالَ:« إِذَا أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلاَ تَأْتُوهَا تَسْعَوْنَ، وَأْتُوهَا تَمْشُونَ، عَلَيْكُمُ السَّكِينَةُ»([14]).
كَمَا حَثَّ الشَّرْعُ عَلَى الأَنَاةِ فِي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ، لأَنَّ الْعَجَلَةَ وَالتَّسَرُّعَ سَبَبٌ لِوُقُوعِ الزَّلَلِ وَالْخَلَلِ، يَقُولُ نَبِيُّنَا rالتَّأَنِّي مِنَ اللَّهِ، وَالْعَجَلَةُ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ»([15]). فَالأَنَاةُ لاَ تَأْتِي إِلَّا بِخَيْرٍ، وَهِيَ سَبَبٌ لِبُلُوغِ الْمَقَاصِدِ وَالْغَايَاتِ، يَقُولُ rالْقَصْدَ الْقَصْدَ تَبْلُغُوا»([16]). وَمَا أَحْسَنَ قَوْلَ الشَّاعِرِ:  قَدْ يُدْرِكُ الْمُتَأَنِّي بَعْضَ حَاجَتِهِ  
                              وَقَدْ يَكُونُ مَعَ الْمُسْتَعْجِلِ الزَّلَلُ([17])
أَيُّهَا الْمُصَلُّونَ: إِنَّ عَلَى الإِنْسَانِ أَنْ يَعْلَمَ أَنَّ النَّفْسَ أَمَانَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ، اسْتَوْدَعَهُ اللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ إِيَّاهَا، فَهُوَ مُؤْتَمَنٌ عَلَيْهَا، لاَ يَحِلُّ لَهُ إِزْهَاقُهَا أَوْ إِلْحَاقُ الضَّرَرُ بِهَا، قَالَ تَعَالَى:( وَلاَ تَقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا)([18]). وَإِنَّ مِنْ أَعْظَمِ مَقَاصِدِ الشَّرِيعَةِ حِفْظَ الأَبْدَانِ وَالأَرْوَاحِ، وَقَدْ نَهَى r عَنِ الضَّرَرِ بِجَمِيعِ أَنْوَاعِهِ فَقَالَ:« لَا ضَرَرَ وَلَا ضِرَارَ»([19]). وَنَهَى r عَنْ تَرْوِيعِ النَّاسِ وَإِخَافَتِهِمْ بِأَيِّ وَجْهٍ مِنَ الْوُجُوهِ، فَقَالَ :« لَا يَحِلُّ لِمُسْلِمٍ أَنْ يُرَوِّعَ مُسْلِمًا»([20]).
فَمَنْ يُخَالِفُ الأَنْظِمَةَ الْمُرُورِيَّةَ فَهُوَ مُخَالِفٌ لِلشَّرْعِ؛ لأَنَّهُ إِمَّا أَنْ يَضُرَّ نَفْسَهُ، أَوْ يَضُرَّ غَيْرَهُ، أَوْ يَضُرَّ نَفْسَهُ وَغَيْرَهُ مَعًا، وَالْمُسْلِمُ مَأْمُورٌ بِكَفِّ الأَذَى عَنْ نَفْسِهِ وَغَيْرِهِ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rالمُسْلِمُ مَنْ سَلِمَ النَّاسُ مِنْ لِسَانِهِ وَيَدِهِ»([21]). فَاحْذَرْ يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ أَنْ تَكُونَ سَبَبًا لأَذِيَّةِ إِنْسَانٍ، فَتَبُوءَ بِالإِثْمِ وَالْخُسْرَانِ.
عِبَادَ اللَّهِ: إِنَّ الاِلْتِزَامَ بِقَوَانِينِ السَّيْرِ يُعَبِّرُ عَنْ رُقِيِّ ثَقَافَةِ السَّائِقِ، وَمَدَى احْتِرَامِهِ لِلنُّظُمِ وَالْقَوانِينِ، الَّتِي وُضِعَتْ لأَجْلِ الْمَصَالِحِ الْعَامَّةِ، وَنَفْعِ الْعِبَادِ وَالْبِلاَدِ، وَحِفْظِ الأَنْفُسِ وَالأَرْوَاحِ، وَصِيَانَةِ الْمُنْشَآتِ وَالْمُمْتَلَكَاتِ، فَلْنَتَعَاوَنْ لِتَحْقِيقِ السَّلاَمَةِ الْمُرُورِيَّةِ مُمْتَثِلِينَ قَوْلَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى:( وَتَعَاوَنُواْ عَلَى الْبرِّ وَالتَّقْوَى)([22]).
فَاللُهَمَّ وَفِّقْنَا جَمِيعًا لِطَاعَتِكَ وَطَاعَةِ رَسُولِكَ مُحَمَّدٍ r وَطَاعَةِ مَنْ أَمَرْتَنَا بِطَاعَتِهِ, عَمَلاً بِقَوْلِكَ:( يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ)([23]).
نَفَعَنِي اللَّهُ وَإِيَّاكُمْ بِالْقُرْآنِ الْعَظِيمِ، وَبِسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّهِ الْكَرِيمِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ.
أَقُولُ قَوْلِي هَذَا وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ لِي وَلَكُمْ، فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ.

الْخُطْبَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أنَّ سَيِّدَنَا مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ، اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ الطَّيِّبِينَ الطَّاهِرِينَ وَعَلَى أَصْحَابِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ، وَعَلَى التَّابِعِينَ لَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
أَمَّا بَعْدُ: فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ حَقَّ التَّقْوَى، وَرَاقِبُوهُ فِي السِّرِّ وَالنَّجْوَى، وَاعْلَمُوا أنَّ مُخَالَفَةَ الأَنْظِمَةِ الْمُرُورِيَّةِ سَبَبٌ لِلْمَخَاطِرِ وَالأَضْرَارِ، فَكَمْ مِنْ كَوَارِثَ أَفْجَعَتْ، وَأَرْوَاحٍ أُزْهِقَتْ، وَأُسَرٍ فَقَدَتْ عَزِيزًا عَلَيْهَا، وَإِعَاقَاتٍ مَسْتَدِيمَةٍ حَصَلَتْ، وَأَمْوَالٍ أُهْدِرَتْ، وَطُرُقٍ أُتْلِفَتْ، بِسَبَبِ الْحَوَادِثِ النَّاجِمَةِ عَنِ التَّفْرِيطِ وَالتَّسَاهُلِ، وَإِنَّ قِيَادَتَنَا الرَّشِيدَةَ تَحْرِصُ كُلَّ الْحِرْصِ عَلَى سَلاَمَةِ أَبْنَائِهَا وَالْمُقِيمِينَ عَلَى أَرْضِهَا، انْطِلاَقًا مِنْ عِنَايَتِهَا بِالإِنْسَانِ، فَسَنَّتِ الأَنْظِمَةَ الْمُرُورِيَّةَ، وَبَذَلَتِ الْجُهُودَ التَّوْعَوِيَّةَ، وَالْمَسْؤُولِيَّةُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ تَقَعُ عَلَى الْجَمِيعِ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rكُلُّكُمْ رَاعٍ، وَكُلُّكُمْ مَسْئُولٌ عَنْ رَعِيَّتِهِ»([24]).
هَذَا وَصَلُّوا وَسَلِّمُوا عَلَى مَنْ أُمِرْتُمْ بِالصَّلاَةِ وَالسَّلاَمِ عَلَيْهِ، قَالَ تَعَالَى:( إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا)([25]). وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rمَنْ صَلَّى عَلَيَّ صَلاَةً صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ بِهَا عَشْراً»([26]). وَقَالَ rلاَ يَرُدُّ الْقَضَاءَ إِلاَّ الدُّعَاءُ»([27]).
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا وَنَبِيِّنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ، وَارْضَ اللَّهُمَّ عَنِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ: أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ، وَعَنْ سَائِرِ الصَّحَابِةِ الأَكْرَمِينَ، وَعَلَى أَزْوَاجِهِ أُمَّهَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، وَعَنِ التَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
اللَّهُمَّ وَفِّقْنَا لِحُسْنِ الْقَوْلِ وَالْعَمَلِ، وَاحْفَظْنَا مِنَ الزَّلَلِ، وَارْزُقْنَا شُكْرَ نِعَمِكَ، وَحُسْنَ عِبَادَتِكَ، يَا أَكْرَمَ الأَكْرَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ لاَ تَدَعْ لَنَا ذَنْبًا إِلاَّ غَفَرْتَهُ، وَلاَ هَمًّا إِلاَّ فَرَّجْتَهُ، وَلاَ دَيْنًا إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهُ، وَلاَ مَرِيضًا إِلاَّ شَفَيْتَهُ، وَلاَ مَيِّتًا إِلاَّ رَحِمْتَهُ، وَلاَ حَاجَةً إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهَا وَيَسَّرْتَهَا يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ، رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ.
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ، وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ لَنَا وَلِوَالدينَا، وَلِمَنْ لَهُ حَقٌّ عَلَيْنَا، وَلِلْمُسْلِمِينَ أَجْمَعِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ وَفِّقْ وَلِيَّ أَمْرِنَا رَئِيسَ الدَّوْلَةِ، الشَّيْخ خليفة بن زايد، وَأَدِمْ عَلَيْهِ مَوْفُورَ الصِّحْةِ وَالْعَافِيَةِ، وَاجْعَلْهُ يَا رَبَّنَا فِي حِفْظِكَ وَعِنَايَتِكَ، وَوَفِّقِ اللَّهُمَّ نَائِبَهُ وَوَلِيَّ عَهْدِهِ الأَمِينَ لِمَا تُحِبُّهُ وَتَرْضَاهُ، وَأَيِّدْ إِخْوَانَهُ حُكَّامَ الإِمَارَاتِ.
اللَّهُمَّ اغفِرْ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ الأَحْيَاءِ مِنْهُمْ وَالأَمْوَاتِ، اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمِ الشَّيْخ زَايِد، وَالشَّيْخ مَكْتُوم، وَشُيُوخَ الإِمَارَاتِ الَّذِينَ انْتَقَلُوا إِلَى رَحْمَتِكَ، وَأَدْخِلِ اللَّهُمَّ فِي عَفْوِكَ وَغُفْرَانِكَ وَرَحْمَتِكَ آبَاءَنَا وَأُمَّهَاتِنَا وَجَمِيعَ أَرْحَامِنَا وَمَنْ لَهُ حَقٌّ عَلَيْنَا.
اللَّهُمَّ إنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْمَغْفِرَةَ والثَّوَابَ لِمَنْ بَنَى هَذَا الْمَسْجِدَ وَلِوَالِدَيْهِ، وَلِكُلِّ مَنْ عَمِلَ فِيهِ صَالِحًا وَإِحْسَانًا، وَاغْفِرِ اللَّهُمَّ لِكُلِّ مَنْ بَنَى لَكَ مَسْجِدًا يُذْكَرُ فِيهِ اسْمُكَ.
اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ جَمْعَنَا هَذَا جَمْعًا مَرْحُوْمًا، وَاجْعَلْ تَفَرُّقَنَا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ تَفَرُّقًا مَعْصُوْمًا، وَلاَ تَدَعْ فِيْنَا وَلاَ مَعَنَا شَقِيًّا وَلاَ مَحْرُوْمًا.
اللَّهُمَّ احْفَظْ دَوْلَةَ الإِمَارَاتِ مِنَ الْفِتَنِ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ، وَأَدِمْ عَلَيْهَا الأَمْنَ وَالأَمَانَ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ([28]).
عِبَادَ اللَّهِ:( إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي القُرْبَى وَيَنْهَى عَنِ الفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ)([29])
اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ، وَاشْكرُوهُ علَى نِعَمِهِ يَزِدْكُمْ ( وَأَقِمِ الصَّلاةَ إِنَّ الصَّلاةَ تَنْهَى عَنِ الفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ)([30]).

([1]) لقمان  : 33 .
([2]) النحل : 8 .
([3]) التحرير والتنوير : 14/111 .
([4]) أحمد :15768  .
([5]) الزخرف : 12 - 14.
([6]) الطبري : 20/560 .
([7]) متفق عليه .
([8]) البقرة : 195 .
([9]) متفق عليه .
([10]) مسلم : 17 .
([11]) الترمذي : 2010 .
([12]) الفرقان : 63 .
([13]) ابن كثير : 6 /121 .
([14]) متفق عليه .
([15]) أبو يعلى : 4256 .
([16]) البخاري : 6463.
([17]) خزانة الأدب : 1/341 .
([18]) النساء : 29 .
([19]) ابن ماجه: 2341.
([20]) أبو داود : 5004 .
([21]) متفق عليه ، واللفظ لأحمد .
([22]) المائدة : 2 .
([23]) النساء : 59 .
([24]) متفق عليه .
([25]) الأحزاب : 56 .
([26]) مسلم : 384 .
([27]) الترمذي : 2139 .
([28]) يكررها الخطيب مرتين.
([29]) النحل : 90 .
([30]) العنكبوت : 45 .