Monday, June 30, 2014

Ramadan day 3: All about Zakkat and zakkatul fitr

Is paying Zakaah better in Ramadhan ? – Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:
Is zakaah better in Ramadaan, even though it is one of the pillars of Islam?
He replied:
Zakaah, like other good deeds, is better when done at a time of virtue, but when zakaah becomes obligatory and the year has passed, it becomes obligatory for a person to pay it, and he should not delay it until Ramadaan. If the year is completed in Rajab, then he should not delay it until Ramadaan, rather he should pay it in Rajab. If the year is completed in Muharram then he should pay it in Muharram, and not delay it until Ramadaan. But if the year is completed in Ramadaan, then he should pay it in Ramadaan. End quote.
Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/164

Minimum amount (nisaab) required to pay zakat in dollars

I live in the united states. How much is Nesab el-Zakat in US dollars?
Nisaab ul-Zakat for naqd (gold and silver) is defined as the minimum amount of naqd specified by shari’a below which one is not required to pay zakat, whereas if one’s wealth exceeds it then zakat becomes incumbent.
And it is known that zakat ul-maal (wealth) in shari’a is required for the two types of naqd—gold and silver—and what serves their function in modern times (commonly referred to as cash), whether it is dollars or riyals or pounds or otherwise.
Nisaab for gold as our Prophet (peace be upon him) has informed us (and for currencies made from gold) is 20 mithqaalan, a measure which is equivalent to 85 grams of pure gold (1 mithqaal = 4.25 grams). It becomes incumbent upon anyone who owns such an amount in any form to pay zakat on it in the amount of 2.5%.
Nisaab for silver and currencies made from silver is 200 dirhams, which is equivalent to 595 grams of pure silver (1 dirham = 2.975 grams). Likewise, it becomes incumbent upon anyone who owns such an amount in any form to pay zakat on it in the amount of 2.5%.
It is well known that there is a noticeable disparity between the value of nisaab for gold and that of silver in our times. The best and most conservative for a poor person is to assess how many dollars he has that have been in his possession for a complete lunar year (Hijri, which is 354 days). If the amount reaches the value of nisaab for silver or more, then he should pay from it for every 1000 dollars, 25 dollars (i.e., 2.5%) to be spent in the prescribed benficiaries as specified by shari’ah, and we ask Allah to aid us and help us succeed in haqq il-maal wa salla allahu ala nabiyyana muhammad

How to Pay Zakah on Ones’s Salary – Ibn Baz (rahimahullaah)

Zakaah on an Employee’s Salary – Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:
There is a man who depends on his monthly salary; he spends some and saves the rest. How should he pay zakaah on this money?
He replied:
He should write down what he saves of his salary, and pay zakaah on it when one year has passed. Zakaah should be paid on the savings of each month when one year has passed. If he pays zakaah on the total in the first month, there is nothing wrong with that and he will be rewarded for that, and it will be regarded as zakaah paid in advance for the savings for which one year has not yet passed. There is no reason why a person should not pay zakaah in advance if he sees some benefit in doing so. But delaying it after the year has passed is not permissible, unless there is a valid shar’i excuse, such as the wealth not being available or there being no poor people. End quote.
Tuhfat al-Ikhwaan bi Ajwabah Muhimmah tata’allaq bi Arkaan al-Islam (question no. 12)
Here is an Answer from Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah :
If he insists on having all his rights and on not giving any charity to those who deserve it apart from what he is obliged to give, then he should make a schedule of his earnings and write down every amount and the date on which he took possession of it. Then he should pay zakaah for each amount separately when one year has passed from the date on which he took possession of it.
But if he wants an easier method, and wants to be more generous and give precedence to the poor and others who are entitled to zakaah over himself, then he can pay zakaah on all the money he possesses when one year has passed from the date when his wealth first reached the nisaab. This will bring a greater reward and raise him higher in status; it is easier for him and is more generous towards the poor and needy and others who are entitled to zakaah. Whatever extra amount he may pay will be regarded as a “down payment” on the zakaah for any wealth for which one year has not yet passed.
(From Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 9/280)

The ruling of Az-Zakah on Jewellery, Diamonds and precious Stones
I am a married woman and I am almost 30 years old. For approximately 24 years I have had pieces of gold that are not kept for business. They are only for beautification and some times I sell them. Then I add some money to their price and buy better jewelry. Now I have some jewellery and I have herd that it is obligatory to pay Az-Zakah on gold that is kept for beautification. Thus, I would like a clarification of this matter for myself. If Az-Zakah was obligatory on me what is the ruling of the past period of time during which I did not pay Az-Zakah on the jewellery? This is while keeping in mind that I am not able to estimate the amount of gold that I had during all of these long years.
Az-Zakah is obligatory on you from the time you knew it was obligatory on you to pay Az-Zakah on jewellery. Whatever occurred before that in the previous years before your knowledge of this, then you do not have to pay Az-Zakah for it. This is because the Islamic laws only become obligatory after they are known. The amount that must be paid is 2.5% if the jewellery reaches the minimum amount required for Az-Zakah, which is 20 Mithqal (gold). This is equivalent to 11.5 Saudi Junayhs. If gold jewellery reaches this amount or more, then Az-Zakah must be paid on it. For every 1000 Junayhs, 25 Junayhs is due. In reference to silver, its minimum amount before Az-Zakah is due is 140 Mithqal, which is equivalent to it of monetary currency. The amount that must be paid is 2.5% just like with gold.
In reference to diamond and other stones, no Zakah is due on them if they are for wearing. However, if they are for sale, then Az-Zakah is obligatory on them according to their value in gold and silver if they reach the minimum amount required for Az-Zakah. And Allaah is the Giver of success.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, DARUSSALAM, Vol.3, Page Nos. 178/179

Zakat Calculator
Zakat Calculator in Microsoft Excel – Download and use

Az-Zakah on Jewellery is obligatory on its Owner
My wife has gold that she wears that reaches the minimum amount required for Az-Zakah. Is there any Zakah due on it? Is paying its Zakah obligatory on me or on my wife? Is Az-Zakah given from the jewellery itself or is its value determined and then Az-Zakah paid according to the value?
Az-Zakah is obligatory on jewellery that is made of gold and silver if its weight reaches the minimum amount required for Az-Zakah, which is 20 Mithqal of gold and 140 Mithqal of silver. The minimum amount of gold in the current currency is equal to 11 (and three sevenths) Saudi Junayhs. If the gold jewellery reaches this amount or more, Az-Zakah must be paid on it, even if it is only for wearing according to the most correct view of the scholars.
The minimum amount of silver required for Az-Zakah is 56 Saudi Riyals (of silver). If the silver jewellery reaches this amount or more, Az-Zakah must be paid on it. The amount of Az-Zakah to be paid is 2.5% of gold, silver and sale merchandise. This is 2½ out of 100 or 25 out of 1000. Any amount more than this is calculated in this way.
Az-Zakah is due upon the woman who owns the jewellery. If her husband or other than him pays it on her behalf with her permission, there is nothing wrong with that. It is not obligatory to give the Zakah from the jewellery itself. Rather, it suffices to pay its value every time a year passes on it. This is according to the value of gold and silver in the market at the completion of the year’s time. And Allaah is the Giver of success.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, DARUSSALAM, Vol.3, Page Nos. 180/181
Is it Lawful to Give Charity on their Behalf
A number of years ago, I took a sum of one hundred Saudi Riyals from a number of my colleagues, after which, I travelled to another area and forgot those colleagues and they also forgot me. Now I do not know where they are, so what should I do with the sum of money which is my responsibility? Inform me and may Allah reward you with goodness.
If the matter is as you have mentioned in your question, which is that you forgot the owners of the hundred (Riyals) then it is lawful for you to give charity on their behalf. Then if you remembered any of them you must give him his right, unless he approves of your having given it in charity on his behalf. In that case, you will be absolved from blame and you and them will be rewarded.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, volume 5 / page 27
Who is considered eligible to receive the Zakaat ?
It does not befit that the Zakaat be given to the one who does not utilize it for obedience to Allaah. For indeed Allaah The Most High has obligated it as an aid towards obedience to Him for whosoever is in need of it from the believers, such as the poor and those under debt or one who helps the believers.
So whoever does not pray from the people who are needy should not be given anything until he repents; and until he adheres to the performance of the prayers in their correct times.
Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
Ikhtiyaaraat al-Fiqhiyyah min Fataawaa Shaikh ul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah page 103
Translated by Aboo Haatim Muhammad Farooq
Is the Zakaat ul Fitr due on behalf of the unborn child?
‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal said: I heard my father say:
‘Zakaat ul Fitr is to be given on behalf of the unborn child – if it is known of.’*
‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal said: I heard my father say: Mu’tamir bin Sulaimaan At-Taymee narrated to us from Humaid from Bakr and Qataadah that ‘Uthmaan would give the Sadaqatul Fitr on behalf of the small child and the elder and the unborn child.

Fataawaa on Fasting
   Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen on Zakat ul-Fitr

Q.1 Is it permissible to discharge the obligation of Zakaatul-Fitr on the first day of Ramadhaan? And is it permissible to distribute it in money?
As for the discharging of it on the first day of Ramadhaan - there is Ikhtilaaf (difference of opinion among the scholars) about it. The most correct opinion is that it's not permissible, because it is called Zakaatul-Fitr, and Al-Fitr (ending of the fast) does not occur except at the end of the month. Also, the Messenger of Allaah ordered that it be discharged before the people go out to the Prayer (Salaatul-'Eed). Along with that, the companions (Sahabah) used to give out the Zakaatul-Fitr one or two days before the 'Eed. As for discharging the Zakaatul-Fitr in MONEY, this is a point of Ikhtilaf (difference among the scholars). And the correct opinion - as I see it - is that it is not discharged except by (distribution of) FOOD.
This is because Ibn Umar said: "The Messenger of Allaah made obligatory (the payment of) Zakaatul-Fitr from a Saa' of dates or a Saa' of barley..."1
Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudree said: "We used to distribute it (Zakaatul-Fitr) in the time of the Messenger of Allaah as one saa' of food, and our food was dates and barley and raisins and cottage cheese..."2 So, it becomes clear from these two hadeeth that it (Zakaatul-Fitr) is not discharged except from FOOD. And the distribution of it in food displays it openly and shows it, and all of the members of the family know about it. In this way, there is an exhibition or manifestation of this aspect of the religion.
As for discharging it in money, this causes it to be concealed (unseen), and perhaps the person may favour himself, by discharging it in money, and thus reduce its amount.3 Therefore, strictly following the Law (al-Qur'aan and Sunnah) is best and it is blessed. Someone might argue that the distribution of food doesn't benefit the poor. (But, we say) the poor person - if truly poor - must definitely benefit from the food.
 Shaykh Muhammad Ali Farkus hafidhahullaah has calculated the weight-equivalent for 1 Saa' of various foodstuffs. The table from his [url=]website[/url] is given below.

The measures of Zakat Al-Fitr (in grams)

Semolina - 2000
Raisin - 1640
Flour - 1400
Couscous - 1800
Lentil - 2100
Couscous with big grains - 2000
Bean - 2060
Date - 1800
Crushed pea - 2240
Chickpea - 2000
Wheat - 2040
Rice - 2300

Az-Zakah on Wealth that is kept for Marriage 1.
A man saved some money for his son over a number of years so that the son can get married. Is he obliged to pay any Zakah on this wealth of his? This is in consideration of the fact that he does not intend anything with this money other than getting his son married.
He must pay Az-Zakah on all of the money that he saved if it was in his possesion for a year, even if he intended to use this money to get his son married. This is because as long as the money was with him and it was considered his possession, and he must pay its Zakah every year until it is used for the marriage. This is due to the generality of the evidences from the Book and the Sunnah that prove this.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, DARUSSALAM, Vol.3, Page No. 159

Paying Az-Zakah in advance is permissible.
I am an employee who receives a salary, and every month I save a portion of it. There is not a specific percentage for the savings, so how do I pay the Zakah of this wealth?
What is obligatory upon you is to pay the Zakah of every amount that you save if you have possessed it for a year. If you pay the Zakah of all of the money when a year has passed on the first amount that was saved, then that is sufficient. In this way, the Zakah of the latter sums is considered as being paid in advance before the completion of their year. And paying Az-Zakah in advance before it is possessed for a complete year is permissible, especially if there is a need for it or a religious benefit in that.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, DARUSSALAM, Vol.3, Page No. 165

for More question ask in Ask Fatima and get your answes within Hours from authentic sources and renowned shuyookh.
wa salam

dont worry this Ramadan on all can change!!!

Sunday, June 29, 2014

Ramadan day 2:Care in Building the Characteristics of the Believers

From the morals and manners of the salaf was that they would constantly search their souls to breed in them the characteristics of the believers, and to discard the characteristics of the hypocrites. One is the opposite of the other. A summary of the believers characteristics is mentioned in His Great Book saying:
"Those who turn (to Allah) in repentance; that serve Him, and praise Him; that wander in devotion to the cause of Allah; that bow down and prostrate themselves (in prayer); that enjoin good and forbid evil; and observe the limits set by Allah - so proclaim the glad tidings to the believers." [Al-Qur'an 9:112]
"The believers will be successful. Those who humble themselves in their prayers; who avoid vain talk; who are active in deeds of charity, who abstain from sexual relations except with those joined to them in marriage or (the captives) whom their right hands possess, for (in their case) they are free from blame. But those whose desires exceed those limits are transgressors. Those who faithfully observe their trusts and their covenants; who (strictly) guard their prayers: these will be the heirs who will inherit Paradise, to dwell therein." [Al-Qur'an 23:1-11]
In the hadith, "None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself." [Al-Bukhari and others.]
Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar said in Fath ul-Bari, "The fact that negating complete iman and negating the name of a thing meaning negating completeness and perfection is derived from the Arabic language as is said, Such and such is inhuman."
The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said, "By Allah! He does not believe. By Allah! He does not believe. By Allah! He does not believe." He was asked, "Who, O Messenger of Allah?" He, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam, said, "Whoever does not safeguard his neighbour from his harms." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim. Muslim's version reads, "He will not enter Paradise if he does not spare his neighbour from his harms."]
Yahya ibn Mu'adh rahimahullah gathered the characteristics of the believers in one of his essays as follows, "It is to be full of modesty, and to be harmless too. To be full of goodness and not to be corrupt. For the tongue to be truthful, for the words to be little and to be plentiful in good action. To have little slip-ups and not to be excessive. To be good to one's relatives, building closeness between them. To be dignified and grateful. To be full of contentment if Allah restricted some provision. To be forbearing and friendly to his brothers. To be compassionate and chaste. Not to curse, swear, insult, backbite, nor to gossip. Not to be hasty, envious, hateful, arrogant nor vain. Not to lean towards worldliness, nor to extend long hopes and wishes. Not to sleep too much nor to be absent-minded, nor to show-off nor be hypocritical. Not to be selfish, but to be soft and cheerful, not servile. Loving for the sake of Allah, being pleased for His sake and being angry only for His sake. His provision is taqwa (reverential fear of Allah). His worries are what will happen to him in the Afterlife. His friends remind him. His beloved is His Protector and Master. His struggle is for the Afterlife."
Fudayl ibn 'Iyad rahimahullah said, "A believer plants a palm tree and fears that thorns will grow. The hypocrites plant thorns expecting ripe dates to grow!"
O brother! Realise these facts and search yourself carefully before your death. Weep over your soul if you find in it the morals of the hypocrites. Increase in seeking His forgiveness.
All praise be to Allah Lord of the Worlds.

Ramadan day 1 : 'Umar - may Allah be pleased with him said:

 let us Ponder  on what 'Umar - may Allah be pleased with him said:

Worldy honour is derived from riches and the honour of the Hereafter is derived from the performance of good deeds." 

Saturday, June 28, 2014

Ramadan Day 1:the prophet Speech in Tabuk

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

In the ninth year of hijrah, at the head of an army of 30,000 Muslims which is gathering to meet the impending aggression from the Byzantine Empire, Prophet Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam delivered the following speech at Tabuk on the borders of Syria:
He sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam praised and thanked Allah and said:
Verily the most veracious discourse is the book of Allah (the Qur'an). The most trustworthy handhold is the word of piety (taqwa'). The best of religions is the religion of Ibrahim. The best of the precedents is the precedent of Muhammad. The noblest speech is the invocation of Allah. The finest of narratives is this Qur'an. The best of affairs is that which has been firmly resolved upon. The worst religions are those which are created without sanction. The best of ways is the one trodden by the prophets. The noblest death is the death of a martyr. The most miserable blindness is waywardness after guidance. The best of auctions is that which is beneficent. The best guidance is that which is put into practice. The worst blindness is the blindness of the heart.
The upper hand is better than the lower (i.e. it is better to give than to receive). The little that suffices is better than the abundant and alluring. The worst apology is that which is tendered when death stares one in the face. The worst remorse is that which is felt on the Day of Resurrection.
Some men do not come to the Friday prayer, but with hesitance and delay. And some of them do not remember Allah but with reluctance. The tongue that is addicted to false expression is a bubbling spring of sins.
The most valuable possession is contentment of the heart. The best provision is that of piety. The highest wisdom is the fear of Allah, the Mighty and Great. The best thing to be cherished in the hearts is faith and conviction; doubt is part of infidelity.
Impatient wailing and fulsome praise of the dead is an act of ignorance. Betrayal leads one to the fire of Hell. Drinking amounts to burning. Obscene poetry is the work of the Devil. Wine (alcohol) is the mother of evils. The worst thing eaten is one which belongs to the orphan. Blessed is he who receives admonition from others.
Each one of you must resort to a place of four cubits (the grave). Your affairs will be decided ultimately in the next life. The worst dream is the false dream. Whatever is in store in near. To abuse a believer is transgression. Raising arms against him is infidelity. To backbite him is a disobedience to Allah. Inviolability and sacredness of his property is like that of his blood. He who swears by Allah (falsely), in fact falsifies him. He who pardons is himself granted pardon. He who forgives others, is forgiven by Allah for his sins.
He who represses anger, Allah rewards him. He who faces misfortunes with perseverance, Allah compenses him. He who acts only for fame and reputation, Allah disgraces him. He who shows patience and forbearance, Allah gives him a double reward. He who disobeys Allah, Allah chastises him.
I seek the forgiveness of Allah, I seek the forgiveness of Allah, I seek the forgiveness of Allah.

Friday, June 27, 2014

Let us pray for our muslim Ummah...... This RAMADAN

Asalama Laykum wa Rahmatulah wa barakatuhu
with the announcement of Ramdan starting on sunday InshALLAH!

Do you care for me,
I am the lost child in a rubble of madness. Torn down, by my own.
I am the orphan. I am the one whose sadness overwhelms.
I am the one that has no home. I am the one who awaits in secrecy, hoping no one catches me.
I am the one who has disappeared, no account remains of me.
I am the one who has witnessed everyone I ever loved, beaten to the core.

pray for me
I am the mother that has left her shelter to save her son.
I am the woman that has held her dead child in her blood flowing arms.
I am the one who has been bashed at the head, do you see my heart bleeding?
I am the one that has had her dignity ripped off, there goes my scarf, do you see my hope leaving?
I am the one who has been violated, every part of my body.
I am the one who has witnessed my husband tortured, murdered right before me.

pray with me,
I am the man whose heart beats, bleeds, and keep it up high.
I am the man that has been blindfolded, my freedom has been taken from me.
I am the man that awaits for  peace ” Can’t they see my pain? My peace no longer remains.
I am the man whose tears flow in agony.
I am the man that has to flee from my own home, I no longer have property.
I am the man that puts his head to the floor begging for a little mercy, ALLAH is the only One that can help me.
I am the man that asks you, why haven’t you prayed for me?

This Ramadan learn to share, learn to donate,Pray for the welfare of our Ummah

Remember those  less fortunate ,Don't waste !!!!

Thursday, June 26, 2014

As Ramadan approaches, be patient and grateful

ASsalama Laykum
     اللهم بلغنا رمضان 
Allahuma Ballighna Ramadan!!!
اسْتِقْبَالُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ الْكَرِيمِ
 الْخُطْبَةُ الأُولَى

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي جعَلَ لعبادِهِ مواسمَ للخيراتِ, وخَصَّ رمضانَ بِمَزيدِ الفضلِ والبركاتِ, وحثَّنَا فيهِ علَى عملِ الطاعاتِ, والإكثارِ مِنَ القُرباتِ وأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَنَا وَنَبِيَّنَا مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ، خَيْرُ مَنْ صلَّى وصامَ، وتزكَّى ووصلَ الأرحامَ، صَلَّى اللَّهُ وَسَلَّمَ وَبَارَكَ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ، وَعَلَى مَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.

أمَّا بعدُ: فأُوصيكُمْ عبادَ اللهِ ونفسِي بتقوَى اللهِ تعالَى وطاعتِهِ، قالَ اللهُ عزَّ وجلَّ:( يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ)([1])

أيهَا المؤمنونَ: تَمُرُّ الأيامُ ومَا أسرَعَهَا، وتمضِي الشهورُ ومَا أعجَلَهَا، وقَدْ حثَّنَا القرآنُ الكريمُ علَى التذكيرِ بأيامِ اللهِ، قالَ سبحانَهُ وتعالَى:( وَذَكِّرْهُمْ بِأَيَّامِ اللَّهِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآياتٍ لِكُلِّ صَبَّارٍ شَكُورٍ)([2]) ومعنَاهُ كَمَا بيَّنَهُ النَّبِىُّ r فقَالَ:« بِنِعَمِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى»([3]) ونِعَمُ اللهِ سبحانَهُ علينَا متواليةٌ، فقَدْ منَّ علينَا بالإسلامِ، وهدانَا للإيمانِ، وأورَثَنَا أرضًا نتبوَّأُ مِنْ خَيْرِهَا، ووهَبَنَا رزقًا يغْمُرُنَا، وحبَانَا بحاكمٍ عادلٍ يرعَانَا، فلكَ الحمدُ يَا ربِّ علَى مَا اصطفَيْتَنَا لَهُ وهديْتَنَا إليهِ، وفِي هذهِ الأيامِ يطلُّ علينَا شهرٌ عظيمٌ وموسمٌ كريمٌ، ويَفِدُ علينَا وافدٌ حبيبٌ، وضيفٌ عزيزٌ، ألاَ وهوَ شهرُ رمضانَ المباركُ، وكانَ r إذَا اقتربَ شهرُ رمضانَ جمَعَ أصحابَهُ وذَكَّرَهُمْ بفضائِلِ المنَّانِ قائلاً :« أَتَاكُمْ رَمَضَانُ شَهْرٌ مُبَارَكٌ، فَرَضَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَيْكُمْ صِيَامَهُ، تُفْتَحُ فِيهِ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ، وَتُغْلَقُ فِيهِ أَبْوَابُ الْجَحِيمِ، وَتُغَلُّ فِيهِ مَرَدَةُ الشَّيَاطِينِ، لِلَّهِ فِيهِ لَيْلَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ، مَنْ حُرِمَ خَيْرَهَا فَقَدْ حُرِمَ»([4])

عبادَ اللهِ: أَنْتُمْ علَى أعتابِ شهرٍ تولَّى اللهُ تعالَى الجزاءَ فيهِ بنفسِهِ، فالجزاءُ جزاؤُهُ، والعطاءُ عطاؤُهُ، فقالَ جلَّ وعلاَ:« كُلُّ عَمَلِ ابْنِ آدَمَ لَهُ إِلاَّ الصِّيَامَ، فَإِنَّهُ لِي، وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ»([5]) فاستقبِلُوهُ بالذِّكْرِ والشكْرِ علَى مَا خَصَّ اللهُ تعالَى بِهِ هذَا الشهرَ بنزولِ كلامِهِ فيهِ، قالَ سبحانَهُ:( شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدىً لِلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ)([6]) فأكْثِرُوا فيهِ مِنْ تلاوةِ القرآنِ الكريمِ، وعمرُوا قلوبَكُمْ بِتَدَبُّرِهِ، وطَيِّبُوا أسماعَكُمْ بسماعِهِ وتفسيرِهِ، فقَدْ كانَ الصحابةُ رضي الله عنهم يعكفونَ علَى كتابِ ربِّهِمْ، تلهَجُ ألسنَتُهُمْ بذِكْرِ خالِقِهِمْ، يبتغونَ الأجرَ ومغفرةَ الذنوبِ، ويرجُونَ النقاءَ وطهارةَ القلوبِ، قالَ تعالَى:( يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُم مَّوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِّمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ)([7]) فالقرآنُ ظهيرٌ لرمضانَ بالشفاعةِ والغفرانِ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rالصِّيَامُ وَالْقُرْآنُ يَشْفَعَانِ لِلْعَبْدِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، يَقُولُ الصِّيَامُ: أَىْ رَبِّ مَنَعْتُهُ الطَّعَامَ وَالشَّهَوَاتِ بِالنَّهَارِ فَشَفِّعْنِي فِيهِ. وَيَقُولُ الْقُرْآنُ: مَنَعْتُهُ النَّوْمَ بِاللَّيْلِ فَشَفِّعْنِي فِيهِ. قَالَ: فَيُشَفَّعَانِ»([8]) واغتَنِمُوا يَا عبادَ اللهِ فرصةَ القُرْبِ مِنْ ربِّكُمْ بالدعاءِ، فالدعاءُ ثمرةُ العبادةِ، بَلْ هوَ العبادةُ كمَا قَالَ rالدُّعَاءُ هُوَ الْعِبَادَةُ»([9]) وقَدْ جاءَ مُقترنًا بآياتِ الصيامِ، قالَ اللهُ عزَّ وجلَّ:( وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ)([10]) فأكثِرُوا مِنَ الدعاءِ لأنفُسِكُمْ وأهلِيكُمْ مِنَ الأحياءِ والأمواتِ، وادعُوا لأوطانِكُمْ ومَنْ لهُ حقٌّ علينَا مِنْ ولاةِ أمرٍ وحكامٍ.

وهنيئًا لِمَنْ فُتِحَ قلبُهُ لذكْرِ اللهِ وانشرَحَ صدْرُهُ لتعظيمِ ربِّهِ، فتفكَّرَ واعتبَرَ وتذكَّرَ واستغفَرَ، قالَ rمَا عَمِلَ آدَمِىٌّ عَمَلاً قَطُّ أَنْجَى لَهُ مِنْ عَذَابِ اللَّهِ مِنْ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ»([11]) فاذكُرُوا اللهَ آناءَ الليلِ وأطرافَ النهارِ وسبِّحُوهُ بالغداةِ والعشِيِّ، فإنَّ اللهَ تعالَى يَرْضَى عَنِ الْعَبْدِ يذكُرُهُ إذَا أكلَ أوْ شربَ أو أخطأَ أوْ نسِيَ، وفِي الحديثِ :« إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَيَرْضَى عَنِ الْعَبْدِ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ الأَكْلَةَ فَيَحْمَدَهُ عَلَيْهَا، أَوْ يَشْرَبَ الشَّرْبَةَ فَيَحْمَدَهُ عَلَيْهَا»([12]) فبِذكْرِهِ تعالَى يذكُرُكُمْ ، وبِشُكرِهِ عزَّ وجلَّ يَزيدُكُمْ.

أيهَا المسلمونَ: علينَا أنْ نغْتَنِم هذهِ الأيامَ المقبلةَ بالتوبةِ والاستغفارِ، ونُقْبِلَ علَى ربٍّ غفورٍ رحيمٍ كريمٍ, فالتوبةُ والاستغفارُ خيرُ مَا يُستقبلُ بهِ شهرُ رمضانَ, يقولُ التوابُ الرحيمُ:( وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعاً أَيُّهَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ)([13]) والمؤمنُ بحاجةٍ لاغتنامِ ثوابِ التوبةِ، وتَدَارُكِ مَا قَدْ ينساهُ أَوْ يغفلُ عنْهُ، وكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ r يَدْعُو بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ :« رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي خَطِيئَتِي وَجَهْلِي وَإِسْرَافِي فِي أَمْرِي كُلِّهِ، وَمَا أَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِهِ مِنِّي، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِى خَطَايَايَ وَعَمْدِي، وَجَهْلِي وَهَزْلِي، وَكُلُّ ذَلِكَ عِنْدِي، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَمَا أَخَّرْتُ، وَمَا أَسْرَرْتُ وَمَا أَعْلَنْتُ، أَنْتَ الْمُقَدِّمُ، وَأَنْتَ الْمُؤَخِّرُ، وَأَنْتَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ»([14])

عبادَ اللهِ: إنَّ رمضانَ شهرُ المواساةِ والإحسانِ، وشهرُ الخيراتِ والغفرانِ، فاسلكُوا سُبلَ الخيرِ فيهِ إلَى اللهِ تعالَى بالجودِ والعطاءِ، والصدقةِ والزكاةِ، ليستعينَ بِهَا الفقراءُ والمساكينُ علَى صيامِهِمْ، وطاعةِ ربِّهِمْ، فأدُّوا زكاةَ أموالِكُمْ، واسلكُوا بِهَا طريقَ الجهاتِ الرسميةِ المعروفةِ الموثوقةِ كصندوقِ الزكاةِ، وقدِّمُوا صدقاتِكُمْ للمؤسساتِ الخيريةِ المعتمدةِ فِي الدولةِ، فإنَّ ذلكَ أدْعَى لِحُصولِ مُرادِكُمْ، وبُلوغِ مرامِكُمْ، وأكْثِرُوا فِي هذَا الشهرِ مِنْ إفطارِ الصائمينَ، فقَدْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rمَنْ فَطَّرَ صَائِماً كَانَ لَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِهِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أَجْرِ الصَّائِمِ شَيْئاً»([15]) وتخَلَّقُوا فِي رمضانَ بحُسْنِ الخلُقِ فِي التعامُلِ معَ الناسِ، فالصيامُ جنَّةٌ ووقايةٌ مِنَ السوءِ، وقَدْ كانَ r يُوصِي بالصبرِ وحُسنِ الخلُقِ فيقولُ:« إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ صَوْمِ أَحَدِكُمْ فَلاَ يَرْفُثْ وَلاَ يَصْخَبْ، فَإِنْ سَابَّهُ أَحَدٌ أَوْ قَاتَلَهُ فَلْيَقُلْ: إِنِّي امْرُؤٌ صَائِمٌ»([16]) فعلَيْنَا أَنْ نُظهِرَ معنًى إيجابِيًّا للصيامِ, فنُحِسنَ معاملةَ الناسِ، ونُظهِرَ البِشْرَ والابتسامةَ فِي الصيامِ، ونحضرَ إلَى أعمالِنَا ونُنجِزَهَا علَى أفضَلِ وجْهٍ وأحسَنِ طريقةٍ, فأَنِيبُوا إلَى ربِّكُمْ وأسلِمُوا لهُ بالطاعاتِ، وادعُوهُ مُنيبينَ، واشكرُوهُ حامدِينَ. فمَنْ رُحِمَ فِي شهرِ الصومِ فهُوَ مرحومٌ، ومَنْ حُرِمَ خيرَهُ فهُوَ محرومٌ، ومَنْ لَمْ يتزوَّدْ فيهِ لمعادِهِ فهُوَ ملومٌ. اللَّهُمْ بَلِّغْنَا رمضانَ, وبارِكْ لنَا فيهِ، وتقبَّلْ صيامَنَا، ووَفِّقْنَا دَوْماً لِطَاعَتِكَ، وَطَاعَةِ رَسُولِكَ مُحَمَّدٍ r وَطَاعَةِ مَنْ أَمَرْتَنَا بِطَاعَتِهِ, عَمَلاً بِقَوْلِكَ:] يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ[

نَفَعَنِي اللَّهُ وَإِيَّاكُمْ بِالْقُرْآنِ الْعَظِيمِ، وَبِسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّهِ الْكَرِيمِ صلى الله عليه وسلم

أَقُولُ قَوْلِي هَذَا وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ لِي وَلَكُمْ، فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

 الْخُطْبَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَنَا مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ، اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ الطَّيِّبِينَ الطَّاهِرِينَ وَعَلَى أَصْحَابِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ، وَعَلَى التَّابِعِينَ لَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.

أَمَّا بَعْدُ: فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ حَقَّ التَّقْوَى، وَرَاقِبُوهُ فِي السِّرِّ وَالنَّجْوَى، واعلمُوا أنَّ الاستعدادَ لهذَا الشهرِ الكريم إنَّمَا يكونُ باغتنامِهِ فِي فِعلِ الطاعاتِ، لاَ بالتوسُّعِ فِي شراءِ المأكولاتِ والمشروباتِ وتخزينِ السلَعِ والأطعمةِ مِنْ غيرِ مُبرِّرٍ لذلكَ، وقَدْ علَّمَنَا دينُنَا الحنيفُ ثقافةَ ترشيدِ الاستهلاكِ، والاعتدالَ والقصدَ فِي كُلِّ شيْءٍ، وعدمَ المبالغةِ فِي اقتناءِ مَا لاَ يلزَمُ، والاكتفاءَ بِمَا يكفِي حاجةَ الفردِ والأُسرةِ، قالَ اللهُ تعالَى:( وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلا تُسْرِفُوا إِنَّهُ لا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ)([17]) فالطعامُ نِعمةٌ عظيمةٌ، بِهَا تقومُ حياةُ الناسِ، فيجِبُ احترامُهَا، والمحافظةُ عليهَا، قَالَ rإِذَا وَقَعَتْ لُقْمَةُ أَحَدِكُمْ فَلْيَأْخُذْهَا، فَلْيُمِطْ مَا كَانَ بِهَا مِنْ أَذًى وَلْيَأْكُلْهَا وَلاَ يَدَعْهَا لِلشَّيْطَانِ»([18]) فَلاَ يجوزُ رَمْيُ الطعامِ الصالحِ للأكْلِ، بَلْ علينَا أَنْ نتبَرَّعَ بالزائدِ منْهُ لأهلِ الحاجاتِ، قَالَ rمَنْ كَانَ لَهُ فَضْلٌ مِنْ زَادٍ فَلْيَعُدْ بِهِ عَلَى مَنْ لاَ زَادَ لَهُ»([19]) فاحفَظُوا النعمةَ واشكرُوهَا، وأدُّوا حقَّ اللهِ تعالَى فيهَا.

هَذَا وَصَلُّوا وَسَلِّمُوا عَلَى مَنْ أُمِرْتُمْ بِالصَّلاَةِ وَالسَّلاَمِ عَلَيْهِ، قَالَ  تَعَالَى:]إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا[([20]) وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rمَنْ صَلَّى عَلَيَّ صَلاَةً صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ بِهَا عَشْراً»([21]) اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا وَنَبِيِّنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ، وَارْضَ اللَّهُمَّ عَنِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ: أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ، وَعَنْ سَائِرِ الصَّحَابِةِ الأَكْرَمِينَ، وَعَنِ التَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ. اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ، وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ لَنَا وَلِوَالدينَا، وَلِمَنْ لَهُ حَقٌّ عَلَيْنَا، وَلِلْمُسْلِمِينَ أَجْمَعِينَ. اللَّهُمَّ لاَ تَدَعْ لَنَا ذَنْبًا إِلاَّ غَفَرْتَهُ، وَلاَ هَمًّا إِلاَّ فَرَّجْتَهُ، وَلاَ دَيْنًا إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهُ، وَلاَ مَرِيضًا إِلاَّ شَفَيْتَهُ، وَلاَ مَيِّتًا إِلاَّ رَحِمْتَهُ، وَلاَ حَاجَةً إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهَا وَيَسَّرْتَهَا يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ، رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ. اللَّهُمَّ وَفِّقْ وَلِيَّ أَمْرِنَا رَئِيسَ الدَّوْلَةِ، الشَّيْخ خليفة بن زايد، وَأَدِمْ عَلَيْهِ مَوْفُورَ الصِّحْةِ وَالْعَافِيَةِ، وَاجْعَلْهُ يَا رَبَّنَا فِي حِفْظِكَ وَعِنَايَتِكَ، وَوَفِّقِ اللَّهُمَّ نَائِبَهُ لِمَا تُحِبُّهُ وَتَرْضَاهُ، وَأَيِّدْ إِخْوَانَهُ حُكَّامَ الإِمَارَاتِ وَوَلِيَّ عَهْدِهِ الأَمِينَ. اللَّهُمَّ اغفِرْ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ الأَحْيَاءِ مِنْهُمْ وَالأَمْوَاتِ، اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمِ الشَّيْخ زَايِد، وَالشَّيْخ مَكْتُوم، وَشُيُوخَ الإِمَارَاتِ الَّذِينَ انْتَقَلُوا إِلَى رَحْمَتِكَ، وَأَدْخِلِ اللَّهُمَّ فِي عَفْوِكَ وَغُفْرَانِكَ وَرَحْمَتِكَ آبَاءَنَا وَأُمَّهَاتِنَا وَجَمِيعَ أَرْحَامِنَا وَمَنْ لَهُ حَقٌّ عَلَيْنَا. اللَّهُمَّ احْفَظْ دَوْلَةَ الإِمَارَاتِ مِنَ الْفِتَنِ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ، وَأَدِمْ عَلَيْهَا الأَمْنَ وَالأَمَانَ وَعلَى سَائِرِ بِلاَدِ الْعَالَمِينَ([22]). اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ، وَاشْكرُوهُ علَى نِعَمِهِ يَزِدْكُمْ ] وَأَقِمِ الصَّلاةَ إِنَّ الصَّلاةَ تَنْهَى عَنِ الفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ[([23])

([1]) البقرة : 183 .
([2]) إبراهيم : 5 .
([3]) أحمد : 21726 .
([4]) النَّسائيّ : 2106 .
([5]) متفق عليه .
([6]) البقرة : 185 .
([7]) يونس : 57.
([8]) أحمد : 6785.
([9]) أبو داود : 1479.
([10]) البقرة : 186.
([11]) الترمذي : 3377 ومالك : 493 موقوفا على مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ ، ورواه أحمد 22730 مرفوعا.
([12]) مسلم : 2734.
([13]) النور : 31.
([14]) متفق عليه.
([15]) الترمذي : 807 .
([16]) البخاري: 1904.
([17]) الأعراف:31.
([18]) مسلم : 2033.
([19]) مسلم : 1728.
Friday sermon: As Ramadan approaches, be patient and grateful
The days pass quickly and the fruits of the holy month should be achieved to the maximum possible extent.
“And remind them of the days of Allah. Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful,” Friday’s sermon cites from the Quran.
The Prophet Mohammed illustrated the meaning of the verse, saying: “Days of Allah means the grace [favours] of Allah.”
Incidents from the days of the Prophet and his companions of their high efforts in worship and good deeds during Ramadan are many.
They used to say: “There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month, during which Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, has enjoined you to fast. In it the gates of heavens are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and every devil is chained up. In it Allah has a night which is better than a thousand months; whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.”
While all the rewards for various acts of worship and good deeds are maximised in Ramadan, the reward for fasting remains a mystery.
A hadith qudsi by the Prophet Mohammed quoting Allah says: “Every act of the son of Adam is for him except fasting. It is done for My sake, and I will give a reward for it.
“For Muslims, Quran and fasting during Ramadan are the path to intercession and forgiveness,” continues the sermon.
Another hadith says: “Fasting and Quran will intercede on behalf of the servant, fasting will say, ‘O Allah, I deprived him from eating and drinking, let me intercede for him’.” In addition, the Quran says: “O Allah, I deprived him from sleeping at night let me intercede for him.” In the end, they are permitted to intercede on his behalf.
The sermon reminds worshippers of the importance of supplication during holy times when people are closer to their creator.
“Please seize the opportunity while you are closer to Allah by supplicating to Him. Indeed prayer is the fruit of worshipping, rather its core and essence.
“And when My servants ask you, [O Mohammed], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided,” says the Quran.
The sermon concludes by reminding people of the importance of not letting food go to waste.
“When anyone of you drops a mouthful he should pick it up and remove any of the filth on it, and then eat it, and should not leave it for the Satan, and should not wipe his hand with a towel until he has licked his fingers, for he does not know in what portion of the food the blessing lies,” the Prophet Mohammed said. “He who has surplus of provisions should give them to him who has no provisions.”