Saturday, November 29, 2014

The Danger of Drugs upon the Person and the Society – Shaykh ‘Alee Al-Haddaade

Indeed all the praise is for Allaah. We praise him, we seek his aid, we seek His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our souls and the consequences of our evil actions. He whom Allaah guides there is none to misguide and he whom Allaah leads astray there in none to guide him aright. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah; who is one without partners; and I bear witness that our Prophet Muhammad is Allaah’s servant and Messenger.
O Allaah, send prayers, peace, and blessings upon Your slave and Messenger Muhammad; upon his family, and companions, altogether. As to proceed:
Have Taqwaa of Allaah, as Taqwaa should be had of Him. How great is the reward of those who have Taqwaa. How delightful is the state and the abode of those who are obedient. O people, indeed the punishment for crimes and sins within the Dunyaa and the Hereafter is due to the despicable nature of the crime and its evil effect upon the one who commits it and upon the society. Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, has said: 
الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ اللّهِ زِدْنَاهُمْ عَذَابًا فَوْقَ الْعَذَابِ بِمَا كَانُواْ يُفْسِدُونَ
Those who disbelieved and hinder (men) from the Path of Allaah, for them We will add torment over the torment; because they used to spread corruption. (An-Nahl 16:88)
Allaah, the Glorified, has said:
وَلاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِي الأَرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلاَحِهَا ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
And do not mischief on the earth after it has been set in order. That will be better for you, if you are believers.  (Al-A’raf 7:85)
And indeed from the great crimes and the major destructive (sins) and the sins which are destructive to the individual and the society are (the use of) drugs and intoxicants. They do not enter into a society except that they destroy it. No one becomes addicted to them except that he becomes corrupted with various types of evils. They do not spread within a society except that it is engulfed with every evil and it falls into various types of calamities and major sins occur therein and corruptions occur therein which the intellectuals and righteous are unable to remedy.
‘Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, said“Avoid Khamr for it is the mother of (all) evils.”[1]
Drugs, O brothers, is the greatest form of Khamr. Therefore, they have been prohibited with the most intense for of prohibition. The types of drugs and their corruptions are many. From them are those which the people know able and from them are those which are not known at all. Drugs, in all of its types, have been prohibited by Allaah and his Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam); whether they be plants, pills, eaten, or drank, or snorted, or injected.
Similarly, drugs, in all of its types, the Legislation is severe in its condemnation and threat against it due to what it contains from harm and destruction. And due to that which they contain from evil and due to that which they cause for the addict, from transforming him to an evil person from whom corruption and crime are expected and no good is hoped for from him.
The intellectuals of the world have called for the saving of the societies from the scourge of drugs due to that which they have witnessed from iniquities.
The harms of drugs upon the one addicted to them and upon the society are many and nearly none are safe except a small portion.

 From their harms upon the addict is the loss of his intellect; and the intellect is the distinguishing characteristic between the human and the animals. He whose intellect goes then he embarks upon crimes and virtue to taken from him.
From its harms is that the natural disposition of the person changed and he becomes a Shaytaan and he is stripped of the characteristics of the righteous.
From its harms is foolishness in manner of dealings. So he does that which is harmful to him and abandons that which benefits him. Shaytaan has driven him to every despicable act and has removed him from every virtue.
From the harms of drugs is corruption in the thought process. So he loses sound judgment and upright opinions. He does not see the end results of the affairs and he does not look except to the exact moment that he is currently in, even if it contains his destruction, harm, and detriment.
From its harms is the loss of trustworthiness and negligence regarding it in that which is obligatory to safeguard and preserve. He cannot be trusted over any general thing; nor can he be trusted over wealth or job. He can’t even be trusted over his relatives and family members. This is because the drugs have corrupted his nature, and the refuge is with Allaah.
From its harms is that the addict is a burden upon the society. He does not bring any good to his society nor is he successful in that which he brings forth.
From its harms is that the addict is despised and hated, even by the closest of people to him.
From its harms is the squandering of wealth and the inability to make noble earnings. So he resorts to earning wealth by way of criminal means. I seek Allaah’s refuge for me and for you.
From its harms is deterioration of one’s health and the contraction of incurable diseases, leading the person to death.
From is harms is the loss of dignity and inclining towards the wicked, from men or women.
From its harms is the shortening of life due to what it causes from destruction of the bodily organs and due to what is exposes the person to from grief and stress.
From its harm is the Shayateen gaining mastery over the addict and the angels of mercy being far away from him, until he is driven to the Hellfire, and the refuge is with Allaah. Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic said:
وَمَن يَعْشُ عَن ذِكْرِ الرَّحْمَنِ نُقَيِّضْ لَهُ شَيْطَانًا فَهُوَ لَهُ قَرِينٌ ٣٦ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَيَصُدُّونَهُمْ عَنِ السَّبِيلِ وَيَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ ٣٧ حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءنَا قَالَ يَا لَيْتَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكَ بُعْدَ الْمَشْرِقَيْنِ فَبِئْسَ الْقَرِينُ ٣٨ وَلَن يَنفَعَكُمُ الْيَوْمَ إِذ ظَّلَمْتُمْ أَنَّكُمْ فِي الْعَذَابِ مُشْتَرِكُونَ ٣٩
And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allaah) (i.e. this Qur’aan and worship of Allaah), We appoint for him Shaytaan (Satan ­ devil) to be a Qarîn (an intimate companion) to him. And verily, they (devils) hinder them from the Path (of Allaah), but they think that they are guided aright! Till, when (such a one) comes to Us, he says [to his Qarîn (Satan / devil companion)] “Would that between me and you were the distance of the two easts (or the east and west)” a worst (type of) companion (indeed)! It will profit you not this Day (O you who turn away from Allaah’s remembrance and His worship, etc.) as you did wrong, (and) that you will be sharers (you and your Qarîn) in the punishment. (Az-Zukhruf 43:36-39)
From its harms is the curse being upon the addict until he repents. This is due to his (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) statement:
لعن الله الخمر وشاربها وساقيها ومبتاعها وبائعها وعاصرها ومعتصرها وحاملها والمحمولة إليه
“Allaah has cursed Al-Khamr; the one who drinks it and the one who pours it; its buyer and its seller; its squeezer and the one for whom it is squeezed; the one who carries it and the one to whom it is carried.”[2]
And he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
ثلاثة لا يدخلون الجنة مدمن الخمر وعابد الوثن والديوث
“Three will not enter into Paradise: The one who is addicted to intoxicants; the worshipper of the idol; and the cuckold.”[3]
Drugs, O brothers, is greater than Khamr (alcohol). Therefore, the prohibition of Khamr is a prohibition of drugs as well; and the threat regarding alcohol is likewise a threat regarding drugs.
From its harms, O brothers in faith, is the spread of various types of crime within the society and the spread of lewdness and evils; and the loss of the family structure, and the deviation of the younger generation; for they will live without a family or cultivator for them to find repose with.
From the harms of drugs upon the society is the descending of punishments and tribulations. Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, said:
وَاتَّقُواْ فِتْنَةً لاَّ تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنكُمْ خَآصَّةً وَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّ اللّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ
And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial, etc.) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong (but it may afflict all the good and the bad people), and know that Allaah is Severe in punishment. (Al-Anfal 8:25)
From its harms is obedience will come to be a burden; it will be disliked, and hated. Likewise, dislike and hatred for the righteous, and avoiding their gatherings and staying away from the gatherings of remembrance and the places of worship; and love for crime and inclination towards disobedience; and love for the evil people; taking them and friends and companions.
Brothers in Islaam, drugs; the devils of mankind grow them, manufacture, and distribute them in order to actualize to objectives which they have:
The First Objective: To corrupt the society to the point that the one who is addicted to drugs does not think except in ways which are blameworthy (even) by the animals. When it spreads within the society and it is not combatted, then (others) will be harmed by it and by way of it be destroyed.
The Second Objective: To earn Haraam monies; and what an evil earning this is. Money that is acquired by way of drugs and intoxicants contains no good nor is there any blessing in it. Rather, it corrupts the heart and ruins the homes and disperses the families and destroys them. It brings about disgrace, shame, and the cutting off of the lineage.
O Muslims, beware of the traps of Shaytaan with which he traps his followers in order that they will be with him in the Hellfire.

Sunday, November 23, 2014

How did the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) spend his day?

How did the Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) spend his day – an example of his daily life? Basically I wantto understand the daily routine in the life of the Prophet. What did he do after Fajr prayer? How did he have his breakfast and when? What was his etiquette when eating? What did he do from noon until he went to sleep, and after Tahajjud? To sum up, I want to know the daily routine of Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).

Praise be to Allah. When the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) woke up, he would pray Fajr with his Companions in the mosque. Then he would sit in the place where he had prayed, remembering Allah until the sun rose, and his Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) would sit with him. Sometimes they would talk and remember things that happened before Islam; they would laugh and he would smile. 
See the answer to question no. 100009
The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) regularly offered Duha prayer with four or more rak‘ahs. It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to pray Duha with four rak‘ahs or more, as Allah willed.
Narrated by Muslim, 719 
In his house, he (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would be at the service of his family: he would milk his sheep, patch his garment, serve himself and mend his shoes. When the time for prayer came, he would go out and lead the people in prayer, then he would sit with them, talk with them, teach them, exhort them, remind them, listen to their complaints, and reconcile between them. Then he would go back to his house. 
‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) was asked: What did the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) do in his house? She said: He was a human being like any other; he would clean his garment, milk his sheep and serve himself. 
Narrated by Ahmad, 26194; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in as-Saheehah, 671 
According to another report also narrated by Ahmad (24903): He used to stitch his garment, mend his shoes and work as other men work in their houses. 
Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami‘, 4937. 
Al-Bukhaari (676) narrated that al-Aswad said: I asked ‘Aa’ishah what the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to do in his house. She said: He would serve his family, then when the time for prayer came, he would go out to the prayer. 
He (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) never criticised any food; if he liked it he would eat it, otherwise he would leave it. 
Sometimes month after month would go by, and he would not find any food except dates and water. 
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) never criticised any food; if he liked it he would eat it, otherwise he would leave it.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3563; Muslim, 2064 
It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: We would look at the new moon, then another new moon, three new moons in two months, and no fire would be lit in the houses of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). I – i.e., ‘Urwah ibn az-Zubayr – said: O aunt, what did you live on? She said: The two black ones, dates and water. But the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) had some neighbours among the Ansaar who had milch-animals, and they used to give the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) some of their milk, and he gave it to us to drink. 
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2567; Muslim, 2972. 
There are no details in the Sunnah about the meals that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to eat. 
See the answer to question no. 115801
It was not the custom of the Muslims in the earliest times to eat three meals every day as people do nowadays. Rather the most they would have would be two meals: one at the beginning of the day and another in the evening. 
If he wanted to bring the people together for some important matter, he would instruct someone to bring them together for him or to call out among them “As-salaatu jaami‘ah (prayer is about to begin)”, then he would talk to them about the reason he had brought them together. If he wanted to send a party out on a mission, he would send them; if he wanted to remind them of something, he would remind them; if he wanted to tell them about a new ruling, he would tell them, and so on. 
He (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would take a nap at midday, so that this siesta would give him strength to pray qiyaam al-layl (voluntary prayers at night). He would say: “Take a nap at midday, for the Shaytaan does not take a nap at midday.” Narrated by at-Tabaraani in al-Awsat, 28; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in as-Saheehah, 1647. 
He (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would check on people in their daily lives and interactions, and in their marketplaces; he would go and see them in the places where they gathered; he would visit their sick and accept their invitations; and he would attend to the needs of the weak and poor. Thus he spent most of his day dealing with that which concerned him of matters of religion and the people’s affairs, such as calling people to Allah, advising them, reminding them, introducing rulings, striving in jihad, enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil, helping the needy, and so on. 
Muslim (102) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) passed by a pile of foodstuff; he put his hand in it and found that it had gotten wet. He said, “What is this, O seller of the foodstuff?” He said: It got rained on, O Messenger of Allaah. He said: “Why don’t you put it on top of the food so that people can see it? Whoever deceives (people) does not belong to me.” 
Al-Bayhaqi (20851) narrated that Jaabir said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Let us go to al-Baseer who is in Banu Waaqif and visit him (as he is sick).” He was a blind man.
Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in as-Saheehah, 521 
An-Nasaa’i (1414) narrated that ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to recite words of dhikr a great deal and rarely engaged in idle talk. He would make his prayer lengthy and his speeches short; he was not too proud to walk with widows and the needy in order to meet their needs.
Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh an-Nasaa’i 
When night came and he had led the people in praying ‘Isha’, if there was some matter on his mind concerning the Muslims’ affairs, he would discuss it with his senior companions; otherwise he would stay up with his family for a little while. 
Imam Ahmad (178) and at-Tirmidhi (169 – and he classed it as hasan) narrated that ‘Umar said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to stay up at night with Abu Bakr, discussing some of the Muslims’ affairs, and I would be with him.
Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi 
Ibn Katheer (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It was part of his character that he (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) treated people kindly and was always cheerful. He would joke with his family and be gentle with them; he will spend generously on them and joke with his wives … His wives would gather every night in the house of the one with whom the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was staying that night, and sometimes he would eat supper with them, then each of them would go to her own house and he would sleep with the wife (in whose house he was staying the night) under one blanket; he would take off his upper garment and sleep in his lower garment. When he had prayed ‘Isha’, he would go into his house and stay up for a little while with his family before sleeping, to cheer them up; (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). 
End quote from Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 2/242 
Then he would sleep at the beginning of the night, then get up to pray qiyaam al-layl, and he would pray as much as Allah willed that he should pray. Then when Bilaal gave the call for Fajr prayer, he would pray two rak‘ahs, then go out to the prayer. 
Abu Dawood (56) narrated from ‘Aa’ishah that water for wudoo’ and his siwaak would be set out for the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and when he woke up at night he would relieve himself, then clean his teeth with the siwaak. 
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I stayed overnight with my maternal aunt Maymoonah. The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) conversed with his family for a while, then he went to sleep. Then when the last third of the night came, he sat up and looked at the sky and said: “Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:190]. Then he got up and did wudoo’ and cleaned his teeth, and prayed eleven rak‘ahs. Then Bilaal gave the call to prayer, so he prayed two rak‘ahs, then he went out (to the mosque) and prayed Fajr.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4569; Muslim, 763. 
In conclusion: 
The life of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was not a strict routine, as may be understood from these words. Rather it was purposeful and blessed work, as his Lord instructed him (interpretation of the meaning): “Say (O Muhammad SAW): ‘Verily, my Salat (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists)’” [al-An ‘aam 6:162]
His practice was to interpret in a realistic manner the commands and laws of Allah, as the Mother of the Believers ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said. 
Muslim narrated in his Saheeh (746) that Sa‘d ibn Hishaam ibn ‘Aamir said to the Mother of the Believers ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her): O Mother of the believers, tell me about the character of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). She said: Do you not read the Qur’an? I said: Of course. She said: The character of the Prophet of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was the Qur’an. 
For more information on the teachings of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) concerning food and eating, please see the answer to question no. 6503
For more information on the teachings of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) concerning sleep, please see the answer to question no. 21216
For more information on the teachings of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) concerning buying and selling, please see the answer to question no. 134621
For more information on the teachings of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) concerning his manner of dress, please see the answer to question no. 126692
And Allah knows best.
Islam Q&A

Saturday, November 22, 2014

Ibn al-Jawzi’s Remarkable Comments on Supplication

              Ibn al-Jawzi’s Remarkable Comments on Supplication

The Shaikh, the Imaam, the Allaamah, the Shaikh of Islaam, Abul-Faraj Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Ali ibn Muhammad ibn al-Jawzi, said:

“I have reflected over an interesting situation: that a calamity may befall a believer and so he supplicates, going to great lengths in doing so, but he sees no sign of an answer.  So when despair comes close, at that time his heart is looked at, thus if it is acceptant of the [many] decrees of fate, not having despaired of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic’s Bounty, then in most cases at that time the response is hastened, for it is there that eemaan is qualified, and the devil vanquished, and it is there that a man’s worth is shown.

And this has been alluded to in His Saying, the Most High, “… until [even their] messenger and those who believed with him said, “When is the help of Allaah?” [Baqarah 2:214].  And likewise is what happened to Ya’qoob عليه السلام, for when he lost a son and the situation went on for a long time, he did not despair–and then his other son was taken, but his hope in his Lord’s Bounty that, “… perhaps Allaah will bring them to me all together …” [Yusuf 12:83] still did not cut off.  And likewise Zakariya عليه السلام said, “… and never have I been in my supplication to You, my Lord, unhappy [i.e., disappointed].” [Maryam 19:3]

So beware of considering as too long the time for a prayer to be answered!

And look to the fact that He is the Sovereign Lord/the Absolute King of the entire universe, and that He is the All-Wise in that which He plans, and the One who knows what is of benefit [to you], and that He wants to examine you in order to test your concealed mettle, and that He wants to see your earnest supplication, and that He wants to reward you for your patience, and other such purposes.

In addition to that, He is testing you by delaying the response to your supplication so that you can fight Iblis’ whisperings and wicked insinuations–and every one of these things strengthens [one’s] belief in His Bounty, and obligates being thankful to Him–for He, by testing you with the trial, prepared you to turn to ask Him.

And the distressed person’s destitution/poverty in having to turn to Him is total and utter affluence.”

Saidul-Khaatir, pp. 227-228.

Thursday, November 20, 2014

Contentment comes from accepting what you have

     الْخُطْبَةُ الأُولَى
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الْكَرِيمِ الْمَنَّانِ، وَاسِعِ الْكَرَمِ وَالإِحْسَانِ، أَسَبَغَ عَلَيْنَا الْكَثِيرَ مِنَ النِّعَمِ، وَجَادَ عَلَيْنَا بِعَظِيمِ الْمِنَنِ، فَطُوبَى لِمَنْ أَطَاعَهُ وَاتَّقَاهُ، وَقَنَعَ بِمَا آتَاهُ، وَشَكَرَهُ عَلَى مَا أَعْطَاهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ, وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَنَا وَنَبِيَّنَا مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ، إِمَامُ الزَّاهِدِينَ، وَقُدْوَةُ الْقَانِعِينَ، فاللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَأَصْحَابِهِ الْغُرِّ الْمَيَامِينِ، وَعَلَى مَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
أَمَّا بَعْدُ: فَأُوصِيكُمْ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ وَنَفْسِي بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ، قَالَ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى:] يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا[([1]) وَقَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ:] فَبِشِّرْ عِبَادِ* الَّذِينَ يَسْتَمِعُونَ القَوْلَ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ أَحْسَنَهُ([2])
أَيُّهَا الْمُسْلِمُونَ: لَقَدْ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى الإِنْسَانَ وَأَكْرَمَهُ وَأَعْطَاهُ، فَمِنْهُمُ الرَّضِيُّ الْقَانِعُ، وَمِنْهُمُ الْجَشِعُ الطَّامِعُ، قَالَ تَعَالَى:( فَأَمَّا الإنْسَانُ إِذَا مَا ابْتَلاهُ رَبُّهُ فَأَكْرَمَهُ وَنَعَّمَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَكْرَمَنِ* وَأَمَّا إِذَا مَا ابْتَلاهُ فَقَدَرَ عَلَيْهِ رِزْقَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَهَانَنِ)([3]) وَالْمُوَفَّقُ مَنْ رَضِيَ بِقَسَمِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَعَطَائِهِ، وَلَمْ يَتَذَمَّرْ أَوْ يَتَسَخَّطْ، قَالَ سُبْحَانَهُ:( أَهُمْ يَقْسِمُونَ رَحْمةَ رَبِّكَ نَحْنُ قَسَمْنَا بَيْنَهُم مَّعِيشَتَهُمْ فِي الحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا)([4]) فَالْقَنَاعَةُ هِيَ الرِّضَا بِالْمَوْجُودِ، وَتَرْكُ الْحُزْنِ عَلَى الْمَفْقُودِ. وَلَهَا ثَمَرَاتٌ عَظِيمَةٌ فِي حَيَاةِ الإِنْسَانِ، فَهِيَ عِزَّةٌ فِي النَّفْسِ لاَ تُشْتَرَى، وَسَعَادَةٌ لاَ تَنْقَطِعُ، وَمَالٌ لاَ يَنْفَدُ، وَحَيَاةٌ هَانِئَةٌ آمِنَةٌ، قَالَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى:( مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحاً مِّنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ)([5]). وَالْحَيَاةُ الطَّيِّبَةُ تَشْمَلُ وُجُوهَ الرَّاحَةِ مِنْ أَيِّ جِهَةٍ كَانَتْ. وَقَدْ ذَكَرَ الْمُفَسِّرُونَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَغَيْرِهِمَا رَضِيَ اللَّه عَنْهُمْ: أَنَّهُمْ فَسَّرُوا الْحَيَاةَ الطَّيِّبَةَ بِالْقَنَاعَةِ([6]).
وَمَنْ رُزِقَ الْقَنَاعَةَ فَقَدْ أَفْلَحَ، وَكُلِّلَتْ مَسَاعِيهِ بِالنَّجَاحِ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rقَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ، وَرُزِقَ كَفَافاً، وَقَنَّعَهُ اللَّهُ بِمَا آتَاهُ»([7]). وَلَقَدْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ r قَنُوعًا بِمَا آتَاهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَطْلُبُ الآخِرَةَ، وَيَرْجُو مَرْضَاةَ رَبِّهِ، وَيَدْعُوهُ قَائِلاً:« اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ رِزْقَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ قُوتاً»([8]). أَيْ اكْفِهِمْ مِنَ الْقُوتِ بِمَا يُغْنِيهِمْ عَنِ الْمَسْأَلَةِ([9]).
عِبَادِ اللَّهِ: إِنَّ النَّفْسَ الْبَشَرِيَّةَ مَيَّالَةٌ لِلزِّيَادَةِ، وَمُحِبَّةٌ لِلاِسْتِكْثَارِ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rلَوْ كَانَ لاِبْنِ آدَمَ وَادِيَانِ مِنْ مَالٍ لاَبْتَغَى وَادِياً ثَالِثاً»([10]). وَيَقُولُ الشَّاعِرُ([11]):
وَالنَّفْسُ رَاغِبَةٌ إِذَا رَغَّبْتَهَا          وَإِذَا تُرَدُّ إِلَى قَلِيلٍ تَقْنَعُ
وَلَقَدْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ r يُهَذِّبُ سُلُوكَ أَصْحَابِهِ بِمَا يُجَنِّبُهُمْ شِدَّةَ التَّطَلُّعِ لِلزِّيَادَةِ، وَيُحَقِّقُ لَهُمُ الْقَنَاعَةَ وَالسَّعَادَةَ، فَعَنْ حَكِيمِ بْنَ حِزَامٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ r فَأَعْطَانِي، ثُمَّ سَأَلْتُهُ فَأَعْطَانِي، ثُمَّ سَأَلْتُهُ فَأَعْطَانِي، ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا حَكِيمُ: إِنَّ هَذَا الْمَالَ خَضِرَةٌ حُلْوَةٌ، فَمَنْ أَخَذَهُ بِسَخَاوَةِ نَفْسٍ بُورِكَ لَهُ فِيهِ، وَمَنْ أَخَذَهُ بِإِشْرَافِ نَفْسٍ لَمْ يُبَارَكْ لَهُ فِيهِ، كَالَّذِي يَأْكُلُ وَلَا يَشْبَعُ، الْيَدُ الْعُلْيَا خَيْرٌ مِنْ الْيَدِ السُّفْلَى. فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ لَا أَرْزَأُ أَحَدًا بَعْدَكَ شَيْئًا حَتَّى أُفَارِقَ الدُّنْيَا([12]).
وَقَدْ تَلَقَّى أَصْحَابُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ r ذَلِكَ التَّوْجِيهَ بِصِدْقٍ وَيَقِينٍ، فَكَانُوا يُرَبُّونَ أَوْلاَدَهُمْ عَلَى الْقَنَاعَةِ وَعَدَمِ التَّطَلُّعِ إِلَى مَا فِي أَيْدِي النَّاسِ، فَهَذَا سَعْدُ بْنُ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ يَقُولُ لاِبْنِهِ: يَا بُنَيَّ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَلْقَى أَحَدًا هُوَ أَنْصَحُ لَكَ مِنِّي ... إِيَّاكَ وَالطَّمَعَ، فَإِنَّهُ فَقْرٌ حَاضِرٌ، وَعَلَيْكَ بِالْيَأْسِ فَإِنَّهُ الْغِنَى([13]). أَيِ الْقَنَاعَةُ .
أَيُّهَا الْمُسْلِمُونَ: وَلَقَدْ عَلَّمَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ r الطُّرُقَ وَالْوَسَائِلَ الَّتِي تُرْشِدُنَا إِلَى الْقَنَاعَةِ وَالرِّضَا، وَأَسَاسُ ذَلِكَ أَنْ يُوقِنَ الإِنْسَانُ بِأَنَّ الرِّزْقَ وَالنِّعَمَ مِنَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى، قَالَ سُبْحَانَهُ:( وَمَا بِكُم مِّن نِّعْمَةٍ فَمِنَ اللَّهِ)([14]) وَقَالَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ:( إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو القُوَّةِ المَتِينُ)([15])
وَأَنْ يَتَأَمَّلَ نِعَمَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ، وَلاَ يُقَارِنَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ النَّاسِ، وَإذَا قَارَنَ فَلْيَنْظُرْ إِلَى مَنْ هُوَ أَقَلُّ مِنْهُ كَيْ يَسْتَحْضِرَ نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَلاَ يَزْدَرِيَهَا، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rانْظُرُوا إِلَى مَنْ أَسْفَلَ مِنْكُمْ، وَلاَ تَنْظُرُوا إِلَى مَنْ هُوَ فَوْقَكُمْ، فَهُوَ أَجْدَرُ أَنْ لاَ تَزْدَرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ»([16]). فَلاَ تَسْتَقِرُّ الْقَنَاعَةُ فِي النَّفْسِ حَتَّى يَتَخَلَّى الإِنْسَانُ عَنِ التَّطَلُّعِ إِلَى مُمْتَلَكَاتِ النَّاسِ وَمَا فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ، وَإِذَا رَضِيَ بِمَا قَسَمُهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لَهُ كَانَ أَغْنَى النَّاسِ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ r ارْضَ بِمَا قَسَمَ اللَّهُ لَكَ تَكُنْ أَغْنَى النَّاسِ»([17]) فَالْغِنَى الْحَقِيقِيُّ فِي عِفَّةِ النَّفْسِ عَمَّا لَيَسَ لَهَا، قَالَ r لَيْسَ الْغِنَى عَنْ كَثْرَةِ الْعَرَضِ، وَلَكِنَّ الْغِنَى غِنَى النَّفْسِ»([18]). وَلاَ يَزَالُ النَّاسُ يُكْرِمُونَ عَزِيزَ النَّفْسِ، وَيُعَامِلُونَهُ بِتَقْدِيرٍ وَاحْتِرَامٍ، وَيَهَبُونَهُ مَا لاَ يَهَبُونَ لِلْمُتَطَلِّعِ الطَّامِعِ، قَالَ الْحَسَنُ الْبَصْرِيُّ: لاَ تَزَالُ كَرِيمًا عَلَى النَّاسِ، وَلاَ يَزَالُ النَّاسُ يُكْرِمُونَكَ مَا لَمْ تَتَعَاطَ مَا فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ، فَإِذَا فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ اسْتَخَفُّوا بِكَ، وَكَرِهُوا حَدِيثَكَ وَأَبْغَضُوكَ([19]).
وَمَنْ رُزِقَ الْقَنَاعَةَ أَبْصَرَ نِعَمَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ فَشَكَرَهَا، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَقْنَعْ  جَحَدَ وَلَمْ يَشْكُرْ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ r: يَا أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ كُنْ وَرِعًا تَكُنْ أَعْبَدَ النَّاسِ، وَكُنْ قَنِعًا تَكُنْ أَشْكَرَ النَّاسِ([20]).
فَاللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنَا الْقَنَاعَةَ فِي أُمُورِنَا، وَهَبْ لَنَا الرِّضَا بِمَا أَعْطَيْتَنَا، ووَفِّقْنَا جَمِيعًا لِطَاعَتِكَ، وَطَاعَةِ رَسُولِكَ مُحَمَّدٍ r وَطَاعَةِ مَنْ أَمَرْتَنَا بِطَاعَتِهِ، عَمَلاً بِقَوْلِكَ:( يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ)([21]).
نَفَعَنِي اللَّهُ وَإِيَّاكُمْ بِالْقُرْآنِ الْعَظِيمِ ، وَبِسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّهِ الْكَرِيمِ صلى الله عليه وسلم .
أَقُولُ قَوْلِي هَذَا وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ لِي وَلَكُمْ ، فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ .

الْخُطْبَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أنَّ سَيِّدَنَا مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ، اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ الطَّيِّبِينَ الطَّاهِرِينَ وَعَلَى أَصْحَابِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ، وَعَلَى التَّابِعِينَ لَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
أَمَّا بَعْدُ: فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ حَقَّ التَّقْوَى، وَرَاقِبُوهُ فِي السِّرِّ وَالنَّجْوَى، وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ مَنْ حُرِمَ الْقَنَاعَةَ فَقَدْ قَلَّ يَقِينُهُ بِرَبِّهِ وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ، قَالَ سُبْحَانَهُ:( وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ رَضُوا مَا آتَاهُمْ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ سَيُؤْتِينَا اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَرَسُولُهُ إِنَّا إِلَى اللَّهِ رَاغِبُونَ)([22])
وَكَانَ أَحَدُ الصَّالِحِينَ يَقُولُ: مِنْ أَكْثَرِ نِعَمِ اللَّهِ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ وَأَعْظَمِهَا شَأْنًا الْقَنَاعَةُ، وَلَيْسَ شَيْءٌ أَرْوَحَ لِلْبَدَنِ مِنَ الرِّضَا بِالْقَضَـاءِ، وَالثِّقَةِ بِاللَّهِ تَعَالَى([23]).
هَذَا وَصَلُّوا وَسَلِّمُوا عَلَى مَنْ أُمِرْتُمْ بِالصَّلاَةِ وَالسَّلاَمِ عَلَيْهِ، قَالَ  تَعَالَى:]إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا[([24]) وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ rمَنْ صَلَّى عَلَيَّ صَلاَةً صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ بِهَا عَشْراً»([25]) وَقَالَ r لاَ يَرُدُّ الْقَضَاءَ إِلاَّ الدُّعَاءُ»([26]).
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا وَنَبِيِّنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِينَ، وَارْضَ اللَّهُمَّ عَنِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ: أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ، وَعَنْ سَائِرِ الصَّحَابِةِ الأَكْرَمِينَ، وَعَنِ التَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ تَبِعَهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ.
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْقَنَاعَةَ بِمَا رَزَقْتَنَا وَوَهَبْتَنَا . اللَّهُمَّ لاَ تَدَعْ لَنَا ذَنْبًا إِلاَّ غَفَرْتَهُ، وَلاَ هَمًّا إِلاَّ فَرَّجْتَهُ، وَلاَ دَيْنًا إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهُ، وَلاَ مَرِيضًا إِلاَّ شَفَيْتَهُ، وَلاَ مَيِّتًا إِلاَّ رَحِمْتَهُ، وَلاَ حَاجَةً إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهَا وَيَسَّرْتَهَا يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ، رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ. اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ، وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ لَنَا وَلِوَالدينَا، وَلِمَنْ لَهُ حَقٌّ عَلَيْنَا، وَلِلْمُسْلِمِينَ أَجْمَعِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ وَفِّقْ وَلِيَّ أَمْرِنَا رَئِيسَ الدَّوْلَةِ، الشَّيْخ خليفة بن زايد، وَأَدِمْ عَلَيْهِ مَوْفُورَ الصِّحْةِ وَالْعَافِيَةِ، وَاجْعَلْهُ يَا رَبَّنَا فِي حِفْظِكَ وَعِنَايَتِكَ، وَوَفِّقِ اللَّهُمَّ نَائِبَهُ لِمَا تُحِبُّهُ وَتَرْضَاهُ، وَأَيِّدْ إِخْوَانَهُ حُكَّامَ الإِمَارَاتِ وَوَلِيَّ عَهْدِهِ الأَمِينَ.
اللَّهُمَّ اغفِرْ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ الأَحْيَاءِ مِنْهُمْ وَالأَمْوَاتِ، اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمِ الشَّيْخ زَايِد، وَالشَّيْخ مَكْتُوم، وَشُيُوخَ الإِمَارَاتِ الَّذِينَ انْتَقَلُوا إِلَى رَحْمَتِكَ، وَأَدْخِلِ اللَّهُمَّ فِي عَفْوِكَ وَغُفْرَانِكَ وَرَحْمَتِكَ آبَاءَنَا وَأُمَّهَاتِنَا وَجَمِيعَ أَرْحَامِنَا وَمَنْ لَهُ حَقٌّ عَلَيْنَا.
اللَّهُمَّ إنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ الْمَغْفِرَةَ والثَّوَابَ لِمَنْ بَنَى هَذَا الْمَسْجِدَ وَلِوَالِدَيْهِ، وَلِكُلِّ مَنْ عَمِلَ فِيهِ صَالِحًا وَإِحْسَانًا، وَاغْفِرِ اللَّهُمَّ لِكُلِّ مَنْ بَنَى لَكَ مَسْجِدًا يُذْكَرُ فِيهِ اسْمُكَ.
اللَّهُمَّ احْفَظْ دَوْلَةَ الإِمَارَاتِ مِنَ الْفِتَنِ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ، وَأَدِمْ عَلَيْهَا الأَمْنَ وَالأَمَانَ وَعلَى سَائِرِ بِلاَدِ الْعَالَمِينَ([27]).
اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ يَذْكُرْكُمْ، وَاشْكرُوهُ علَى نِعَمِهِ يَزِدْكُمْ ] وَأَقِمِ الصَّلاةَ إِنَّ الصَّلاةَ تَنْهَى عَنِ الفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ[([28])

([1]) النساء : 1.
([2]) الزمر : 17 - 18.
([3]) الفجر: 15 - 16.
([4]) الزخرف: 32 .
([5]) النحل : 97 .
([6]) تفسير ابن كثير 4/601 بتصرف.
([7]) مسلم : 1054 .
([8]) متفق عليه.
([9]) فتح الباري 18/265.
([10]) متفق عليه .
([11]) هو أبو ذؤيب الهذلي .
([12]) متفق عليه.
([13]) الطبراني في الكبير 1/142.
([14]) النحل : 53 .
([15]) الذاريات : 58 .
([16]) مسلم : 2963 .
([17]) الترمذي : 2305 .
([18]) متفق عليه .

When you believe that all blessings only come from Allah, you will have true contentment, worshippers will be told Friday.
“Allah has created the human being and honoured him and gave him blessings. There are ones who are content, and those who are greedy and avaricious,” says today’s sermon.
“As for man, whenever his Lord tryeth him by honouring him, and is gracious unto him, he sayeth: ‘my Lord honoureth me’,” says a verse from the Quran. “But whenever He tryeth him by straightening his means of life, he sayeth: ‘my Lord despiseth me’.”
Another verse says: “Is it they who apportion thy Lord’s mercy? We have apportioned among them their livelihood in the life of the world, and raised some of them above others in rank that some of them may take labour from others; and the mercy of thy Lord is better than [the wealth] that they amass.”
Contentment is reached by accepting what is available and not grieving over what is missing. “It is pride in the self that cannot be bought, happiness that cannot be ended, money that does not finish, a happy secure life,” explains the sermon.
The Prophet Mohammed once said: “If the son of Adam had two valleys of money, he would have sought a third valley.”
The sermon cites an incident where Hakim bin Hazam went to the Prophet and begged him for money. “So he gave me, I begged him again and he gave me, I begged him again and he gave me and said: ‘O Hakim: wealth is pleasant and sweet. He who acquires it with self-contentment, it becomes a source of blessing for him; but it is not blessed for him who seeks it out of greed.
“‘He is like one who goes on eating but his hunger is not satisfied. The upper hand is better than the lower one.’
“I said to him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, by Him Who sent you with the Truth I will not, after you, ask anyone for anything until I leave this world’.’’