Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Names and Muslim naming system

 الأسماء وأحكامها
Names and Muslim naming system
Arabic names with their meaning

Old Arabic names are based on a very sophisticated naming system: most Arabs do not simply have first/middle/last names, but a full chain of names. This system is in use throughout Arab world. Due to the importance of the Arabic language in Islam, a large majority of the world's Muslims use Arabic first names (ism), but it is not common outside the Arab world to employ the full naming conventions described below.
Structure of the Arab name
The main name of an Arab person is the ism, his or her personal name. This could be for example Kareem or Mahmood.Most Arabic names are originally Arabic words with a meaning, usually signaling the good character of the person. Indeed,kareem means dignified or generous, mahmood means praiseworthy, and both words are employed as adjectives andnouns in regular language.
Muslim practices
A very common form for Muslim Arab names is based on the word abd, literally meaning "servant" or "slave", but here used in a genitive construction to signify someone submissive to God (Allāh in Arabic), i.e. a worshiper of Allah , (the "abd" of Allah ). Allah is referred to by a fixed list of 99 names and attributes in Islam. The result is a name such as Abdullah ("Submissive to the God") or Abdurrashid ("Submissive to the Righteous One").
According to the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Muslims must name their children with good names that carry good meaning, He said: " the best names are Abdullah, Abudurrahman, Alharith and Hammam ), Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to change any name that refers to an Idol or which has bad meaning or contradicting to Islam

Often, a kunyah referring to the person's first-born son or daughter is used as a substitute for his name for example, "arab say Abu Karim" for "Father of Karim". The female variant is "Umm", thus "Umm Karim" for the mother of karim.
The nasab indicates the persons heritage by the word ibn (sometimes bin) which means "son". Thus Ibn Khaldun means "son of Khaldun" (Khaldun is the father's name, or proper name). Several nasab can follow in a chain, to trace a person's ancestry backwards in time. This was important in the tribally based society of the ancient Arabs, both for purposes of identification and for social and political interaction. Some Arabs have their chain of names till it reaches Prophet Muhammad.
The laqab is intended as a description or a title of the person. So, for example, in the name of the famous Abbasi CaliphHaroun al-Rasheed. Haroun is the Arabic form for Aaron, and "al-Rasheed" means "the righteous" or "the rightly-guided".
Arabic Alphabet
o        2.1 ا Alif
o        2.2 ب Bā
o        2.3 ت Tā
o        2.4 ث Ṯhā
o        2.5 ج Ǧeem(jeem)
o        2.6 ح Ḥā
o        2.7 خ khā
o        2.8 د Dāl
o        2.9 ذ Thā
o        2.10 ر Rā
o        2.11 ز Zāī
o        2.12 س Seen
o        2.13 ش Šheen
o        2.14 ص Ṣāad
o        2.15 ض Ḍhāad
o        2.16 ط Ṭā
o        2.17 ظ Tha(Ẓā)
o        2.18 ع Ayn
o        2.19 غ Ġayn
o        2.20 ف Fā
o        2.21 ق Qāf
o        2.22 ك Kāf
o        2.23 ل Lām
o        2.24 م Meem
o        2.25 ن Nūn
o        2.26 هـ Hā
o        2.27 و Wāw
o        2.28 ي Yā
List of names
  • إبتسام Ibtisām. Feminine.
  • إبراهيم IbrāheemIbrahim. "Father/leader of many." Arabic form of Abraham. Masculine.
  • أبو بكرAbū BakrAbu Bakr. Masculine. "Father of the young camel."
  • إحسان Eḥsān. (care) Masculine.
  • أحلام Aḥlām. (dreams) Feminine.
  • أحمد AḥmadAhmad or Ahmed. "Praiseworthy." Masculine.
  • إدريس IdrīsIslamic form of a person known as Enoch in the Torah. Masculine.
  • آدم ĀdamArabic form of Adam. Masculine.
  • أسامة UsāmaḧOsama. Masculine. "Lion".
  • إسحاق IsḥāqIshaqIslamic form of Isaac. Masculine.
  • أسماء Asmā. Feminine.
  • إسماعيل IsmāīlIsmailArabic form of Ishmael. Masculine.
  • إلهام Elhām.(inspiration)  Feminine.
  • آمالĀmaāl "Hopes". Feminine
  • أمانيّ Amāny.  Feminine "Wishes, Hopes".
  • أمل Amal "Hope". Feminine
  • أمنة Aminaḧ. "trustworthy"  Feminine
  • أميرة Ameeraḧ"princess"   Feminine
  • أميمة Umaymaḧ." Servant"  Feminine  
  • أمين Amīn. "trustworthy" Masculine
  • إنتصار Intiṣār. "victory" Masculine
  • إيمان Īmān "Faith, Belief" Feminine.
  • أيمن AymanAyman. "Lucky; on the right." Masculine.
  • إيناس Īnās. "friendly"  Feminine
  • أيّوب AyyūbArabic form of Job. Masculine.
ب Bā
  • باسل Bāsil. Masculine. "Brave"
  • باسم Bāsim. Masculine. "Smiling."
  • بدريّة Badriyaḧ. Feminine. "moon light"
  • بسّام Bassām. Masculine. "Smiling."
  • بشّار BašhaārBashar. Masculine. "good news carrier "
  • بشارة Bišhāraḧ. "Good news." Masculine.
  • بشر Bišhr, "Joy." Masculine.
  • بشرى Bušhrā, "Good news." Feminine.
  • بلال Bilāl. Masculine. "Moistening."
  • بهاء Bahā. "Beauty, brilliancy." Masculine.
ت Tā
  • توفيق TawfeeqTawfiq. "Success; reconciliation." Masculine.
  • تيسير Tayseer. "easiness" Masculine  
ث Ṯhā
  • ثريّا Ṯhurayyā. " Stars " Feminine.
  • ثناء Ṯhanā. " praise "  Masculine 
ج Ǧeem(Jeem)
  • جابر Jābir"healer"Masculine 
  • جمال Jamāl, "Beauty." Masculine.
  • جميل Jameel, "Beautiful, handsome" Masculine.
  • جميلة Jamīlaḧ, "Beautiful." Feminine.
  • جواد Jawād. "Horse, kind" Masculine 
ح Ḥā
  • حامد Ḥāmid. "praiser " Masculine 
  • حبيب Ḥabīb. 'lovely" Masculine 
  • حسن Ḥasan. "good "Masculine 
  • حسين Ḥusayn  "good " Masculine.
  • حكمه Ḥikmah"Wisdom " Feminine.
  • حليمهّ Ḥileemah "patient " Feminine.
  • حمد Ḥamd. "praise" Masculine
  • حميد Ḥameed, "Praised." Masculine.
  • حميدة Ḥameedaḧ, "Praised." Feminine.
  • حنان Ḥanān. "Emotion" Feminine.
  • حياة Ḥayāḧ. "Life" Feminine.
خ Khā
  • خالد Khālid, "Eternal." Masculine.
  • خديجة KhadeejaḧKhadijah. Feminine.
  • خليل kHaleelKhalil. "Good friend." Masculine.
د Dāl
  • دانية Dāniyāh. "very close" Feminine.  
  • داود DāūdDaudIslamic form of David. Masculine.
  • دعاء Duaa. "Supplication" Feminine.
ر Rā
  • رجاء Rajaa. "Hope" Feminine. And Masculine  
  • رشاد Rašhād. "guidance" Feminine.   
  • رشيد RašheedRashid. " wise "Masculine.
  • رضا Riḍhā." Pleasant"
ز Za
  • زبير Zubayr. Masculine. "Small piece of iron."
  • زكيّ Zaky. Masculine. "Pure, Chaste".
  • زهرة Zahraḧ. "Flower." Feminine.
  • زياد Ziyād. Masculine. "Increase, Addition."
  • زيد Zayd. Masculine. "Growth, Intense."
  • زينب Zaynab. Feminine. "Scented Flower."
س Seen
  • سالم Sālim. "safe" Masculine
  • ساميّ Sāmi "Lofty; exalted." Masculine.
  • ساميّة Sāmiyaḧ. "Lofty; exalted." Feminine.
  • سحر Saḥar. "before dawn"  Feminine.
  • سعاد Suād.  Feminine.  
  • سعد Saad. " happiness"  Masculine
  • سعديّة Saadiyaḧ. Feminine.
  • سعيد Saeed, "Happy." Masculine.
  • سلمان Salmān,.  Masculine.
  • سلوى Salwā. " joy"  Feminine.
  • سليم Saleem. "safe " Masculine
  • سليمان SulaymānSulaymanArabic form of Solomon. Masculine.
  • سمير SameerSamir. "Entertaining companion." Masculine.
  • سميرة SamīraḧSamirah. "Entertaining companion." Feminine.
  • سناء Sanā. Feminine.
  • سهام Sihām. "arrows" Feminine.
  • سوسن Sawsan. "rose " Feminine.
  • سيّد Sayed. "lord" Masculine
ش Šheen
  • شريف Šhareef. Honorable. Masculine
  • شرف  sharaf " honor, dignity " Masculine
ص Ṣād
  • صادق Ṣādiq. "sincere, truthful" Masculine
  • صالح Ṣāliḥ. "righteous" Masculine
  • صباح Ṣabāḥ. "morning" Feminine.
  • صفاء Ṣafā. "purity" Feminine.
  • صفيّة Ṣafiyaḧ, "pure" Feminine.
ط Ṭā
  • طارق ṬāriqTariq. The name of a star; boy who knocks on doors. Masculine.
  • طريفṬāreef. "funny" Masculine.

ع Ayn
  • عائشة ĀaishaḧAisha. " feeder "Feminine.
  • عادل Ādil. "just" Masculine.
  • عبّاس AbbāsAbbas. A description of a lion. Masculine.
  • عبد الحليم AbdulḤaleemAbdulhalim. "Servant of the patient one." Masculine.
  • عبد الحميد AbdulḤameedAbdulhamid. "Servant of the praised one." Masculine.
  • عبد الرحمن AbdurRaḥmānAbdulrahman. "servant of the compassionate"  Masculine.
  • عبد الرحيم AbdurRaḥeemAbdulrahim. "Servant of the most merciful one." Masculine.
  • عبد الرزّاق AbdurRazzāqAbdulrazzaq. "Servant of the sustainer." Masculine.
  • عبد السلام AbdusSalāmAbdulsalam. "Servant of the peace." Masculine.
  • عبد العزيز AbdulAzeezAbdulaziz. "Servant of the powerful one." Masculine.
  • ّعبد الغني AbdulĠanyAbdul-ghani. "Servant of the rich one." Masculine.
  • عبد الفتّاح AbdulFattāḥAbdul-fattah. "Servant of the opener." Masculine.
  • عبد القادر AbdulQādirAbdul-qadir. "Servant of the capable." Masculine.
  • عبد الكريم AbdulKareemAbdul-karim. "Servant of the generous one."
  • عبد اللطيف Abdu-l-LaṭīfAbdul-latif. "Servant of the gentle one." Masculine.
  • عبد الله AbdullāhAbdullah. "Servant of Allah." Masculine.
  • عبد المجيد AbdulMajeed "Servant of the glorious one." Masculine.
  • عبد المنعم AbdulMunʻimAbdul-munim. "Servant of the benefactor." Masculine.
  • عبد الهادي AbdulHādī. "Servant of the guide one." Masculine.
  • عبد الوهّاب AbdulWahhābAbdul-wahhab. "Servant of the giver." Masculine.
  • عبير Abeer. "good smell " Feminine
  • عفاف Afāf. "chastity" Feminine
  • عليّAli, "High." Masculine.
  • عليّة AliyyaḧAlia. "High." Feminine.
  • عمر UmarOmar. Masculine.
  • عواطف Awāṭif. "emotions" Feminine
  • عوض AwaḍAwad. "Compensation." Masculine.
  • عيسى Eisa IsaIslamic form of Jesus. Masculine.
غ Ġayn
  • غادة Ġādaḧ. Feminine
  • غيداء Ġāydaa  Feminine
ف Fā
  • فاديّ Fādiyy. "Sacrifice maker "Masculine.
  • فاروق FārooqFaruq. "One who distinguishes truth from falsehood." Masculine.
  • فاطمة Fāṭimaḧ "weaner " Feminine.
  • فايز Fāyiz. "winner " Masculine.
  • فريد Farīd. "Unique." Masculine.
  • فؤاد Fuāad,. "Heart." Masculine.
  • فايزه  Faizaḧ. "wiiner" Feminine.
ق Qāf
  • قاسم QāsimQasim. "Distributor." Masculine.
ك Kāf
  • كامل Kāmil"perfect"  Masculine.
  • كريم Kareem. "Generous." Masculine.
  • كريمة Kareemaḧ. " Generous "Feminine.
  • كمال Kamāl.  "perfection" Masculine.
ل Lām
  • لطيفة Laṭeefaḧ. "gentle" Feminine.
  • ليلى Laylā. Feminine.
م Meem
  • ماهر Māhir. "clever "  Masculine.
  • محسن Muḥsin, "Charitable." Masculine.
  • محمّد Muḥammad  "Praised." Masculine.
  • محمود MaḥmoodMahmud. "Praised." Feminine.
  • مديحة Madīḥaḧ. "praised" Feminine.
  • مريم MaryamMaryamArabic form of Mary. Feminine.
  • مصطفى MuṣṭafāMustafa. "Chosen one." Masculine.
  • منصور ManṣoorMansur. "Divinely aided.", "Victorious." Masculine.
  • منى Munā. "hope" Feminine.
  • منير Munīr. "shiny " Masculine.
  • منيرة Munīraḧ. " shiny "  Feminine.
  • مها Mahā. "deer "Feminine.
  • مهديّ Mahdy. "guided " Masculine.  
  • موسى MūsāMusa. "Drawn." Arabic form of Moses. Masculine.
ن Nūn
  • نادية Nādiyaḧ. "Announcer" Feminine.
  • ناصر Nāṣir "Protector." Masculine.
  • نبيل NabeelNabil. "Noble". Masculine.
  • نبيلة NabeelaḧNabilah. "Noble". Feminine.
  • نجاح Najāḥ. "success" Feminine.
  • نجلاء Najlā  Feminine.
  • نجمة Najmaḧ. " star " Feminine.
  • نجوى Najwā.  Feminine
  • نضال Niḍāl. "struggle " Masculine.
  • نوال Nawāl. Feminine.
هــ Hā
  • هاشم Hāšhim. "Broker; destroyer of evil." Masculine.
  • هاني Hāni. "A happy man" Masculine
  • هبة Hibaḧ. "gift "Feminine.  
  • هدى Hudā  "guidance" Feminine.
  • هناء Hanā "Happiness." Feminine.
  • هند Hind. Feminine.
و Wāw
  • وداد Widād. "love" Feminine.
  • وفاء Wafā. "Faithfulness". Feminine.
  • وليد Walīd. " Newly born " Masculine.
ي Yā
  • ياسر YāsirYasser. Masculine.
  • يحيى YaḥyāYahya. "He lives". Islamic form of John. Masculine.
  • يعقوب YaqūbArabic form of Jacob. Masculine.
  • يوسف YūsufYusuf. " Arabic form of Joseph. Masculine.
  • يونس    yunus    a name of a Prophet

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