Day Ten: Part One – A Summary of Some Benefits from Soorah Fatiha By AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr
AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr mentioned: ‘Benefits of Surah Fatiha’
Whilst reciting this Soorah Fatiha in their prayer Muslims must be aware of the weight and value of this Great Soorah. They must understand it, reflect upon it and then act upon the conditions and pillars which are erected from this Soorah. Acting upon it also involves action of the heart, as it should feel particular emotions in response to what is being recited.
‘ٱلۡحَمۡدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ ٢’ – All praise belongs to Allaah Lord of all the worlds
Whilst reciting this a slave should feel love for Allaah Ta’ala, who alone is worthy of all Praise as He alone created all that exists. He alone granted us all the blessings that we have, those that we are aware of and those we are not aware of.
‘ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ ٣’ – The Most Kind the Most Merciful
Whilst reciting this a slave should feel hope, knowing that Allaah –Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – is the Most Kind and most Merciful, thus He alone will forgive our sins regardless of their amount or severity as long as we repent with sincerity.
‘مَٰلِكِ يَوۡمِ ٱلدِّينِ ٤’ – The Master of the Day of Judgment
Whilst reciting this Soorah a slave should feel fear. Knowing that on that day we will be taken to account for all our deeds even an atom’s worth. Retribution will be taken for those we oppressed or wronged, and punishment given for sins committed that were not repented from with sincerity.
These three emotions, Love, Hope and Fear are known as the pillars of Worship of the Heart, together they constitute worship. We worship Allaah Ta’ala with all three of these pillars, Love, Hope and Fear. If one feels any of these pillars for other than Allaah then it is Shirk. (Placing partners with Allaah) Various deviant sects worship Allaah whilst adhering to just one of these pillars and thus have gone astray, it is vital to possess all three pillars. If there is only Hope he will not stop sinning due to lack of Fear, if there is only Fear he will give up his good deeds as he does not have Hope, if there is only Love he will not Fear Allaah’s punishment and continue to sin.
‘إِيَّاكَ نَعۡبُدُ’ -You alone we worship
This statement is a realization of La illaah ila Allaah (there is none worthy of worship except Allaah). Thus this is a contract between Allaah –Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – and the worshipper to worship Allaah alone, once this principle of making all worship for Allaah alone is comprehended a slave would never raise his hands or perform an act of worship for other than Allaah.
‘وَإِيَّاكَ نَسۡتَعِينُ’ – You alone we turn to, seeking help
This statement is a realization of La hawla wa la quwwata illa billaa, (There is no capability nor is there any power except with Allaah). This testifies that Allaah alone possesses the unique qualities of Giving and Taking etc therefore we only ask Allaah to fulfill all of our needs as He alone is able to grant them. As is mentioned in the Hadeeth of Ibn Abbas -Radi Allaahu anhu-, who said:
One day I was behind the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and he said to me: ‘Young boy, I shall teach you some words [of advice]: Be mindful of Allaah, and Allaah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, ask of Allaah; if you seek help, seek help of Allaah. Know that if the Ummah were to gather together to benefit you with anything, it would benefit you only with something that Allaah had already prescribed for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with anything, they would harm you only with something Allaah had already prescribed for you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.’
[Taken from: ‘The explanation of Soorah Fatiha by Shaykh ul-Islam Muhammad bin AbdulWahaab’ explained by AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr in the Prophet’s Masjid Madina 14th and 15th of Ramadhan 1432 A.H.]