3-Seeking Laylatul-Qadr In The Last Ten Nights Of Ramadaan
<< It is the last night. >>
Allaah the Most High said:
"We sent it (this Qur'aan) down on a blessed night in the month of Ramadaan. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship]. Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments." [Ad-Dukhaan (44):4]
And the Most High said:
"Verily! We have sent it (this Qur'aan) down in the night of Al-Qadr, And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is? The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months [i.e. worshipping Allaah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months.] Therein descend the angels and the Rooh [Jibreel] by Allaah's Permission with all Decrees, Peace! (All that night, there is Peace and Goodness from Allaah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn." [Al-Qadr (97)]
And it is in the blessed month of Ramadaan, due to the saying of the Most High: (interpretation)
"The month of Ramadaan in which was revealed the Qur'aan, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the Furqaan (the distinction between Haqq and baatil)." [al-Baqarah (2):185]
And it is sought after in the last ten from it [i.e. from the month of Ramadaan], due to the saying of the Prophet (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam): (( Seek (zealously) Laylatul-Qadr in the last ten (nights) of Ramadaan.)) Agreed upon. So ijtihaad (striving) is a must in all of the ten nights, seeking this night, for indeed the Prophet (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam) said: (( Whoever stands (in prayer) during Laylatul-Qadr out of Eemaan and seeking reward, then his previous sins will be forgiven.)) And He informed, the Most High, that it is better than a thousand months, and it is called Laylatul-Qadr because in it what will be in that year is decreed, due to His saying:
"Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments."
And it is the Taqdeer as-Sanawee [what has been pre-decreed by Allaah for that year], and it is the specific type of Taqdeer (decree). As for the general Taqdeer, then it is what preceded the creation of the heavens and the earth by 50 thousand years, as that is authentically reported by the ahaadeeth. And it is said: it is called Laylatul-Qadr due to it's tremendous magnitude and it's nobility and the meaning of His saying the Most High: (interpretation)
"(It) is better than a thousand months [i.e. worshipping Allaah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months.]"
Meaning: Standing in it and performing actions in it is better than performing actions in a thousand months outside of it. And seeking it is in the odd nights of the (last) ten without doubt, due to the saying of the Prophet (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam): (( Seek it in the Last Ten (nights) on the night when nine or seven or five nights remain out of the last ten nights of Ramadaan [i.e. 21, 23, 25, respectively]. )). And the twenty-seventh is considered what is most correct due to the sayings of many of the Sahaabah: that indeed it is the twenty-seventh night, from them Ibn 'Abbaas and Ubayy bin Ka'b and other than them ý and the wisdom in it's concealment [it not being known on which night it is] is so that the Muslims strive in 'ibaadah in all of the ten nights, just as the hour of being answered from the day of Jumu'ah has been concealed so that the Muslim strives throughout the day. And it is recommended for the Muslim to make a lot of du'aa in it, because Du'aa in it is recommended, and he supplicates with what is reported from 'Aa'ishah (radiyallaahu 'anhaa). She said: "O Messenger of Allaah! If I find it, with what should I supplicate?" He said: (( Say: Allaahumma innaka 'afuwun tuhibbul-'afwa fa'fu 'annee.)) It was reported by Ahmad and Ibn Maajah.
So O you Muslims! Strive in this blessed night with Salaah and Du'aa and making istighfaar and righteous actions, for verily it is an opportunity of a lifetime, and the opportunities do not remain. For verily Allaah, glorified is He, informed that it is better than a thousand months, and a thousand months is more than 80 years [83 years and 4 months], and it is a long lifespan if the human-being spent all of it in (acting in) obedience to Allaah. So one night, and it is Laylatul-Qadr, is better than it [i.e. a thousand months of worship], and this is a tremendous virtue. And this night is in Ramadaan without question and in the Last Ten (nights) from it without doubt, and if the Muslim strove in all of the nights of Ramadaan, then indeed he will coincide with Laylatul-Qadr without question and it is hoped for him the obtainment of its goodness.
So which virtue is more tremendous than this virtue for the one who Allaah grants success! So be persistent , may Allaah have mercy upon you, in seeking this night, and strive by righteous actions so that you obtain it's reward, for verily the deprived one is the one for whom the reward has been forbidden. And whoever the season of forgiveness passes by, and he remains burdened by carrying his sins because of his negligence and his turning away, and his lack of concern then indeed he is deprived. O you sinful one! Repent to your Lord and ask Him for forgiveness, for indeed the door of Tawbah has been opened for you, and He calls you to it and made for you a season for goodness. In it the good deeds are multiplied and in it the evil deeds are erased, so take for yourself the means of salvation.
And all praise is due to Allaah, Lord of the 'Aalameen, and blessing and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and his companions.
4- Abandoned Sunnat for Witr in Ramadan,
Taken from Ahadeeth and Atharr about Qunootil Witr, by Muhammad ibn 'Umar Bazmoul (hafidhahullaah)
1. The Qunoot is to be left off in the first half of Ramadan if the prayer is in congregation with the people. This is indeed an abandoned Sunnah, and unknown to many.*
* Ibn Seereen (rahimahullaah) said:
[Musanaf Abdur Razzaq 7724. Hasan Lee Ghayree hi]
Ubay used to lead the people in prayer during the time of 'Umar (radiallaahu 'anhu) in Ramadan. When the half of Ramadan passed, he would do Qunoot aloud after the [Ruku']. And when the 20th night of Ramadan passed, he would go to his family. Then Abu Haleemah Mu'adh would lead the people in prayer. He performed the Qunoot during the last ten days of Ramadan.
*Nafi' (rahimahullaah) narrated that Ibn 'Umar (radiallaahu 'anhumma) didn't peform qunoot in the witr prayer until the middle of Ramadan. [Al-Bayhaqi in Kubara 2/498 the isnad is Saheeh]
2. From the abandoned Sunnat is to pronounce the takbir before and after the Qunoot when making Qunoot before the Ruku.**
**Ibrahim (rahimahullaah) said: "When you have finished reciting the Qur`an, say Takbir. Then (after the Qunoot) say Takbir and bow." [Ibn Abee Shaybah 2/ 307]
Muhammad Bazmoul (hafidhahullaah wa baarak Allaahu fee) said:
It's authentically reported that 'Umar ibn Khattab, 'Ali, and Bara' (radiallaahu 'anhum) used to say takbir before the Qunoot when making it before the [Ruku'] in qunoot al-Nawazil at Fajr.
It's legislated that if a person wants to do Qunoot in witr, he should say Takbir after he reads the Quran. He says, "Allahu Akbar." Before the Qunoot and after. This is an abandoned sunnah today, except the one Allah has mercy on.
3. It's permissible to raise the hands with the Qunoot supplication, to leave them down at the sides, or to raise the hands for the first part and leave them down for the last part...***
***Ibrahim narrated that Ibn Mas'ud (radiallaahu 'anhu) used to raise his hands during witr, then lower them. [Musanf Abdur Razzaq 7952. Isnad Saheeh]
Muhammad Bazmoul (hafidhahullaah) said:
It's legislated to raise the hands during the Qunoot or leave them at your side. It's also legislated to raise the hands at the beginning then lower them at the end. These acts have been authentically reported on the sahabah (radiallaahu 'anhum ajma'een). Therefore all of these acts are permissible to practice.
5- THE SIGNS OF LAYLA-TIL-QADR , by Shakyh al-'Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)
Question: What are the signs of Laylatul-Qadar?
Response: From amongst the signs of Laylatul-Qadar is that it is a calm night and the believer's heart is delighted and at peace with it, and he becomes active in doing good actions, and the sun on the following morning rises clearly without any rays.
Fataawa Ramadhaan - Volume 2, Page 852, Fatwa No. 841; Fataawa ash-Shaykh Muhammad as-Saalih al-Uthaymeen - Volume 1, Page 563
Recap HOW TO SEEK LAYLA-TI-LQADR
1- Praying Qiyaam
2- Making Supplications
Question and Answer Session
Transcription of the English translation of a question and answer. Audio link provided below to hear the complete answer in Arabic and English:
What are the actions that a woman who is on her menses, the actions she might perform while she is looking for lailatul qadr?
Oh my daughter, have glad tidings and give glad tidings to the others; your sisters in Islaam the daughters of the sunnah, those that follow the sunnah.
That the woman who is in her menses she is allowed to do all things that are legislated for the men and the women that are out of their menses except for fasting and praying. Besides that, he said, you know and you should teach the other sisters in Islaam, that the woman, the Muslim woman, is allowed to stand in lailatul qadr or establish in lailatul qadr: the recitation of the quraan, and making dua supplication to Allaah for all that is good, as well as istighfaar seeking Allaah's forgiveness, and takbeer saying Allaahu Akbar and tasbeeh saying SubhaanAllaah, and tahmeed saying Alhumdulillaah and saying also laa illaaha illAllaah and the other forms of remembrance and dhikr. The shaikh while he was handing me the mic reminded us of the statement that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to say while looking for lailatul qadr
(Dua'a read aloud in Arabic)
"Oh Allaah you are the Pardoner and the giver of asylum, so Pardon me because you love to Pardon."
And he said that you should know that any person that is kept back, and prevented from doing what is better for them from performing righteous actions, any person who is prohibited or a matter comes between them and these righteous actions due to a legislated excuse then this person should know that if they have the right intention and they have a strong will to come closer to Allaah and to better themselves with prayers or fasting or with whatever action it might be, whoever has an excuse a legislated excuse and has that strong will and that strong intention then they should know that Allaah Writes the aj'ar or benefits or reward for them. This is as we find in the hadeeth of the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) when he was travelling with some of the sahaba on a path to the battlefield where he said that,