Monday, July 13, 2015

Ramadan 27 -What does seeking Laylatul-Qadr mean exactly?!!

1- Which dua to make On Laylatul-Qadr 

Which Du'aa to Make During Laylut Qadr ------>

2-The Angels On Laylatul-Qadr – Hadith as-Saheehah

*IMAAM ABOO DAAWOOD AT-TAYAALISEE-rahimahullaah (d. 204 H) reported in his “Musnad” (no. 2545):
“`Imraan narrated to us: from Qataadah: from Aboo Maymooonah: from Aboo Hurairah: that Allaah”s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said, concerning Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree):
<< Laylatul-Qadr is the twenty seventh or the twenty ninth night. The Angels that night upon the earth are more than the number of the pebbles >>. “
*Shaikh al-Albaanee -rahimahullaah- said in “as-Saheehah” (no. 2205): “Reported by at-Tayaalisee in his “Musnad” (no. 2545), and from him by Ahmad (2/519), and likewise by Ibn Khuzaymah in his “Saheeh” (2/223): from `Imraan al-Qattaan: from Qataadah: from Aboo Maymoonah: from Aboo Hurairah marfoo`an.
I say: And this is a hasan chain of narration; and al-Haafiz remained silent about it in “al-Fath” (4/209).”

3-Seeking Laylatul-Qadr In The Last Ten Nights Of Ramadaan 

* al-`Allaamah Ibn Battaal al-Maalikee -rahimahullaah- said in his explanation of “Saheehul-Bukhaaree” (4/154-157), in explanation of the Chapter: Seeking the Night of Decree in the odd nights of the last ten [Book of the virtue of the Night of Decree: Chapter 3]:
“at-Tabaree said: The Companions and those who followed them upon good differed concerning pinpointing the actual night of Laylatul-Qadr; and they differed in what they narrated from the Prophet -`alaihis-Salaam- to pinpoint it.
Ibn Mas`ood said: “It is the seventeenth night of Ramadaan”; and
`Alee, Ibn Mas`ood, and Zayd ibn Thaabit said: “It is the nineteenth night”; and
some of them said: “It is the twenty (first night)”, based upon the hadeeth of Aboo Sa`eed: that is also related from `Alee and Ibn Mas`ood.
Others said: “It is the twenty third night”, based upon the hadeeth of Ibn `Umar and Ibn `Abbaas; that is related from Ibn `Abbaas, `Aa·ishah, and Bilaal; and it was said by Makhool; and
Ibn `Abbaas and Bilaal said: “It is the twenty fourth night”; and this was the saying of al-Hasan [i.e. al-Basree] and Qataadah; and I think that those who said that were basing it upon his -`alaihis-Salaam- saying: << Seek it when seven remain >>, understanding that the seventh is the first of the seven remaining nights; and that is the twenty fourth night if the month is full [1] And `Alee, Ibn `Abbaas, Ubayy ibn Ka`b, and Mu`aawiyah said: “It is the twenty seventh night”;
[1] i.e. consisting of thirty days; as opposed to “short”,when composed of twenty nine days.
and it is related from Ibn `Umar that he said: “It occurs within the whole of Ramadaan”;
and `Abdullaahibn Buraydah related: from Mu`aawiyah: from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) that he said:
<< It is the last night. >>
And Ayyoob said: from Aboo Qilaabah that it moves around throughout all the nights of the last ten.
at-Tabaree said: And the narrations reported about that from the Prophet – `alaihis-Salaam- are authentic, and they are in harmony, they do not contradict each other. this is because they all relate from him -`alaihis-Salaam- that it is within the last ten; and its moving around each year, to one of the last ten nights, is not to be denied. And it is known that he -`alaihis-Salaam- only said, with regard to each of the nights that he commanded his Companions to seek it in, that it was in that night in that (particular) year. So what is correct is that it is in the month of Ramadaan, to the exclusion of the other months of the year, because of the consensus of all those who inherited from the Prophet -`alaihisSalaam- that he said: << (It) is in the last ten; in the odd ones from them. >>
Then there is nothing specific to limit it to a particular night, such that it cannot move to a different night. So if it were restricted to a specific night, then the one having the most right to know that would be the Prophet -`alaihis-Salaam: along with how eager he was to know it, so that he could make his nation aware of it. So he did not make them aware of it, except by its signs: that it is a pleasant night: not hot, and not cold; and that the sun rises on its morning white (dull), with no rays. And the fact that he directed his nation towards it by means of signs, and not by stating a particular night, is a clear proof of the falsity of the saying of those who say that certain things appear that night which do not appear in the rest of the year: such as trees falling to the ground, and then returning to their places. So if that were true, then it would not be hidden from the eyes of one who stood throughout all the nights of the year; so what about the nights of Ramadaan?!
As for what this night has been singled out with, to the exclusion of the rest of the nights, then it is better than a thousand months: meaning that an action done in it : from those things which please Allaah, and which He loves: Prayer, Supplication, and the like, is better than an action done in a thousand months which do not contain the Night of Decree; and that supplication in it is responded to, as long as he does not supplicate for something sinful, nor for the cutting of ties of kinship.
And Maalik said regarding his -`alaihis-Salaam-: << Seek it on the ninth remaining >>: it is the night of the twenty first; and that << Seven remaining >> is the night of the twenty third night; and << Five remaining >> is the twenty fifth.
The author said: The meaning of this, and the Night of Decree occuring on an odd night will only be correct if the month is “short”[i.e. of twenty nine days]. If it is full [i.e. of thirty days], then it will not be except on an even night. So “nine remaining” will be the night of the twenty second; “five remaining” will be the night of the twenty sixth; “seven remaining” will be the night of the twenty fourth: based upon what al-Bukhaaree mentioned from Ibn `Abbaas: so none of them will conform to an odd night. So this proves that the Night of Decree moves around every year within the last ten: from being an odd night to being an even one, and from being an even one to being an odd one. This is because the Prophet -`alaihis-Salaam- did not command his nation to seek it in a full month, but not in a short one. Rather he left seeking it unrestricted, applying to all the months of Ramadaan: those which Allaah causes to be full sometimes, and short on other occasions. So it is established that it moves within all of the last ten nights, as Aboo Qilaabah said…”
All praise is due to Allaah, He gave preference to the month of Ramadaan over other than it from the (other) months, and may blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his Companions: To proceed:

Allaah the Most High said:

"We sent it (this Qur'aan) down on a blessed night in the month of Ramadaan. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship].  Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments."  [Ad-Dukhaan (44):4]

And the Most High said:


"Verily! We have sent it (this Qur'aan) down in the night of Al-Qadr, And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is? The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months [i.e. worshipping Allaah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months.]  Therein descend the angels and the Rooh [Jibreel] by Allaah's Permission with all Decrees,  Peace! (All that night, there is Peace and Goodness from Allaah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn."  [Al-Qadr (97)]

And it is in the blessed month of Ramadaan, due to the saying of the Most High: 

"The month of Ramadaan in which was revealed the Qur'aan, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the Furqaan (the distinction between Haqq and baatil)." [al-Baqarah (2):185] 

And it is sought after in the last ten from it [i.e. from the month of Ramadaan], due to the saying of the Prophet (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam):  ((
 Seek (zealously) Laylatul-Qadr in the last ten (nights) of Ramadaan.))  Agreed upon.  So ijtihaad (striving) is a must in all of the ten nights, seeking this night, for indeed the Prophet (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam) said: (( Whoever stands (in prayer) during Laylatul-Qadr out of Eemaan and seeking reward, then his previous sins will be forgiven.))  And He informed, the Most High, that it is better than a thousand months, and it is called Laylatul-Qadr because in it what will be in that year is decreed, due to His saying:

"Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments."

And it is the 
Taqdeer as-Sanawee [what has been pre-decreed by Allaah for that year], and it is the specific type of Taqdeer (decree). As for the general Taqdeer, then it is what preceded the creation of the heavens and the earth by 50 thousand years, as that is authentically reported by the ahaadeeth.  And it is said: it is called Laylatul-Qadr due to it's tremendous magnitude and it's nobility and the meaning of His saying the Most High: (interpretation)

"(It) is better than a thousand months [i.e. worshipping Allaah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months.]"

Meaning: Standing in it and performing actions in it is better than performing actions in a thousand months outside of it.  And seeking it is in the odd nights of the (last) ten without doubt, due to the saying of the Prophet (Sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam):  ((
 Seek it in the Last Ten (nights) on the night when nine or seven or five nights remain out of the last ten nights of Ramadaan [i.e. 21, 23, 25, respectively]. )).  And the twenty-seventh is considered what is most correct due to the sayings of many of the Sahaabah: that indeed it is the twenty-seventh night, from them Ibn 'Abbaas and Ubayy bin Ka'b and other than them ý and the wisdom in it's concealment [it not being known on which night it is] is so that the Muslims strive in 'ibaadah in all of the ten nights, just as the hour of being answered from the day of Jumu'ah has been concealed so that the Muslim strives throughout the day.  And it is recommended for the Muslim to make a lot of du'aa in it, because Du'aa in it is recommended, and he supplicates with what is reported from 'Aa'ishah (radiyallaahu 'anhaa). She said: "O Messenger of Allaah!  If I find it, with what should I supplicate?"  He said: (( Say: Allaahumma innaka 'afuwun tuhibbul-'afwa fa'fu 'annee.))  It was reported by Ahmad and Ibn Maajah.

So O you Muslims! Strive in this blessed night with Salaah and Du'aa and making istighfaar and righteous actions, for verily it is an opportunity of a lifetime, and the opportunities do not remain.  For verily Allaah, glorified is He, informed that it is better than a thousand months, and a thousand months is more than 80 years [83 years and 4 months], and it is a long lifespan if the human-being spent all of it in (acting in) obedience to Allaah.  So one night, and it is Laylatul-Qadr, is better than it [i.e. a thousand months of worship], and this is a tremendous virtue.  And this night is in Ramadaan without question and in the Last Ten (nights) from it without doubt, and if the Muslim strove in all of the nights of Ramadaan, then indeed he will coincide with Laylatul-Qadr without question and it is hoped for him the obtainment of its goodness.

  So which virtue is more tremendous than this virtue for the one who Allaah grants success!  So be persistent , may Allaah have mercy upon you, in seeking this night, and strive by righteous actions so that you obtain it's reward, for verily the deprived one is the one for whom the reward has been forbidden.  And whoever the season of forgiveness passes by, and he remains burdened by carrying his sins because of his negligence and his turning away, and his lack of concern then indeed he is deprived.  O you sinful one! Repent to your Lord and ask Him for forgiveness, for indeed the door of Tawbah has been opened for you, and He calls you to it and made for you a season for goodness.  In it the good deeds are multiplied and in it the evil deeds are erased, so take for yourself the means of salvation.

And all praise is due to Allaah, Lord of the 'Aalameen, and blessing and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and his companions. 

4- Abandoned Sunnat for Witr in Ramadan,
 Taken from Ahadeeth and Atharr about Qunootil Witr, by Muhammad ibn 'Umar Bazmoul (hafidhahullaah)   

1The Qunoot is to be left off in the first half of Ramadan if the prayer is in congregation with the people. This is indeed an abandoned Sunnah, and unknown to many.*   

* Ibn Seereen (rahimahullaah) said:

Ubay used to lead the people in prayer during the time of 'Umar (radiallaahu 'anhu) in Ramadan. When the half of Ramadan passed, he would do Qunoot aloud after the [Ruku']. And when the 20th night of Ramadan passed, he would go to his family. Then Abu Haleemah Mu'adh would lead the people in prayer. He performed the Qunoot during the last ten days of Ramadan.
[Musanaf Abdur Razzaq 7724. Hasan Lee Ghayree hi] 

*Nafi' (rahimahullaah) narrated that Ibn 'Umar (radiallaahu 'anhumma) didn't peform qunoot in the witr prayer until the middle of Ramadan. [Al-Bayhaqi in Kubara 2/498 the isnad is Saheeh] 

2From the abandoned Sunnat is to pronounce the takbir before and after the Qunoot when making Qunoot before the Ruku.**   

**Ibrahim (rahimahullaah) said: "When you have finished reciting the Qur`an, say Takbir. Then (after the Qunoot) say Takbir and bow." [Ibn Abee Shaybah 2/ 307] 

Muhammad Bazmoul (hafidhahullaah wa baarak Allaahu fee) said:

It's authentically reported that 'Umar ibn Khattab, 'Ali, and Bara' (radiallaahu 'anhum) used to say takbir before the Qunoot when making it before the [Ruku'] in qunoot al-Nawazil at Fajr.

It's legislated that if a person wants to do Qunoot in witr, he should say Takbir after he reads the Quran. He says, "Allahu Akbar." Before the Qunoot and after. This is an abandoned sunnah today, except the one Allah has mercy on.

3It's permissible to raise the hands with the Qunoot supplication, to leave them down at the sides, or to raise the hands for the first part and leave them down for the last part...***   

***Ibrahim narrated that Ibn Mas'ud (radiallaahu 'anhu) used to raise his hands during witr, then lower them. [Musanf Abdur Razzaq 7952. Isnad Saheeh] 

Muhammad Bazmoul (hafidhahullaah) said:

It's legislated to raise the hands during the Qunoot or leave them at your side. It's also legislated to raise the hands at the beginning then lower them at the end. These acts have been authentically reported on the sahabah (radiallaahu 'anhum ajma'een). Therefore all of these acts are permissible to practice.

5- THE SIGNS OF LAYLA-TIL-QADR , by Shakyh al-'Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) 

Question: What are the signs of Laylatul-Qadar? 

Response: From amongst the signs of Laylatul-Qadar is that it is a calm night and the believer's heart is delighted and at peace with it, and he becomes active in doing good actions, and the sun on the following morning rises clearly without any rays. 

Fataawa Ramadhaan - Volume 2, Page 852, Fatwa No. 841; Fataawa ash-Shaykh Muhammad as-Saalih al-Uthaymeen - Volume 1, Page 563


1- Praying Qiyaam
 2- Making Supplications 

3--Abandoning Worldly Pleasures for the Sake of Worship

It is also recommended to make extensive supplication on this night. `A'ishah (radhiallahu `anha) reported that she asked Allah's Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam), "O Messenger of Allah! If I knew which night is Laylat ul-Qadr, what should I say during it?" And he instructed her to say: "Allahumma innaka `afuwwun tuh.ibbul `afwa fa`fu `annee - O Allah! You are forgiving, and you love forgiveness. So forgive me." [Recorded by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and at-Tirmizi. Verified to be authentic by Al-Albani]

Question and Answer Session 

Shaikh Ubaid al- Jaabiree (from Madeenah) 

Transcription of the English translation of a question and answer. Audio link provided below to hear the complete answer in Arabic and English: 

What are the actions that a woman who is on her menses, the actions she might perform while she is looking for lailatul qadr? 


Oh my daughter, have glad tidings and give glad tidings to the others; your sisters in Islaam the daughters of the sunnah, those that follow the sunnah. 

That the woman who is in her menses she is allowed to do all things that are legislated for the men and the women that are out of their menses except for fasting and praying.  Besides that, he said, you know and you should teach the other sisters in Islaam, that the woman, the Muslim woman, is allowed to stand in lailatul qadr or establish in lailatul qadr: the recitation of the quraan, and making dua supplication to Allaah for all that is good, as well as istighfaar seeking Allaah's forgiveness, and takbeer saying Allaahu Akbar and tasbeeh saying SubhaanAllaah, and tahmeed saying Alhumdulillaah and saying also laa illaaha illAllaah and the other forms of remembrance and dhikr. The shaikh while he was handing me the mic reminded us of the statement that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to say while looking for lailatul qadr 

(Dua'a read aloud in Arabic) 

"Oh Allaah you are the Pardoner and the giver of asylum, so Pardon me because you love to Pardon." 

And he said that you should know that any person that is kept back, and prevented from doing what is better for them from performing righteous actions, any person who is prohibited or a matter comes between them and these righteous actions due to a legislated excuse then this person should know that if they have the right intention and they have a strong will to come closer to Allaah and to better themselves with prayers or fasting or with whatever action it might be, whoever has an excuse a legislated excuse and has that strong will and that strong intention then they should know that Allaah Writes the aj'ar or benefits or reward  for them. This is as we find in the hadeeth of the Prophet  (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) when he was travelling with some of the sahaba on a path to the battlefield where he said that, 

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