This is the delight of a journey to share knowlege with those who are thirsty of love ,fear and hope for Allah Azza wa Jal.May this be an humble quest for all of an quenching thirst for knowlege,and an endless request of help,understanding and Hidaya Taufiq from Allah.O treasurer of Knowlege may you all live the Blessing of this command 'Iqra !
iqra bismi rabbika ladhi khalaq...'
Q. Are the
deeds of a child who has not yet reached the age of puberty such as
prayer, Hajj and the reading of the Qur’aan attributed to his parents or
are they attributed to him?
good deeds of a child who has not yet reached the age of puberty and
their rewards are for him and not for his parents or anyone else. His
parents are rewarded for having taught him to perform these deeds, for
directing him to do good and for helping him in them. This is indicated
by the hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim, narrated by Ibn Abbaas, that a woman
lifted a child to the Prophet, salallahu ‘alayhi wa salam, during his
farewell Hajj and said: “O Messenger of Allah, is there Hajj for him?”
He, salallahu ‘alayhi wa salam, replied: “Yes, and there is reward for
you.”The Prophet, salallahu ‘alayhi wa salam, informed us that the Hajj
is for the child, and that his mother is rewarded for her Hajj with
him. Similarly, there is reward for others besides the child’s parents,
for the good they do such as teaching orphans, relatives, servants and
others, due to the Prophet’s, salallahu ‘alayhi wa salam, saying: “For
the one who guides to good, a reward similar to that of the one who
performs it.” Narrated in Saheeh Muslim. This is because it is from
the assisting one another in virtue and fearfulness of Allah and that
He, Glory be to Him, rewards for this.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz, rahimahullah [Fataawa Islaamiyyah: 4/526]
(Also in Islamic Fataawa Regarding the Muslim Child, page 15)