Sunday, August 4, 2013

Our Salaf’s concern on the day of Eid ul-Fitr

al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (rahimahullaah) mentions in his book “Lata’if al-Ma’arif fima li Mawasim al-Aam min al-Wadha’if”:
قال الزهري إذا كان يوم الفطر خرج الناس إلى الجبار اطلع عليهم قال: عبادي لي صمتم ولي قمتم ارجعوا مغفورا لكم
az-Zuhree used to mention: “On the day of Fitr (Eid), once the people gather to perform the prayer Allah will look at them and say:
‘Oh my servants, verily for Me you fasted, and for Me you stood in prayer! Return (to your homes), indeed your sins are forgiven.’
Source: ”Lata’if al-Ma’arif fima li Mawasim al-Aam min al-Wadha’if” of Ibn Rajab, page 208
The author later states:
غدا توفى النفوس ما كسبت … ويحصد الزارعون ما زرعوا
إن أحسنوا أحسنوا لأنفسهم … وإن أسؤا فبئس ما صنعوا
“Tomorrow the souls will be granted what they worked for, and the farmers will harvest what they planted.
If they did good, then they did so for themselves, and if they did evil, then what terrible actions they have prepared.”
كان السلف الصالح يجتهدون في إتمام العمل وإكماله وإتقانه ثم يهتمون بعد ذلك بقبوله ويخافون من رده وهؤلاء الذين: {يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوْا وَقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ} [المؤمنون: 60]
The Salaf worked diligently in perfecting their actions and making them faultless, then after that, they showed great concern for acceptance of their actions. They did this because they feared that their actions would be rejected. {They are those who gave what was incumbent upon them while their hearts were in a state of fear} [Qur’an Surah al-Mu’minoon 23:60]
روي عن علي رضي الله عنه قال: كونوا لقبول العمل أشد اهتماما منكم بالعمل ألم تسمعوا الله عز وجل يقول: {إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ} [المائدة: 27]
وعن فضالة بن عبيد قال: لأن أكون أعلم أن الله قد تقبل مني مثقال حبة من خردل أحب إلي من الدنيا وما فيها لأن الله يقول: {إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ} [المائدة: 27]
It is reported that Ali bin Abi Talib said: “Be more concerned that your actions are accepted than your concern of performing the action itself. Did you not hear the statement of Allah: {Verily Allah only accepts the actions of the Mutaqeen (pious)}” [Qur’an Surah al-Ma’idah 5:27]
Fudalah ibn ‘Abeed said: “For me to know that Allah has accepted from me an action the size of a mustard seed, is more beloved to me than this world and everything within it. This is because of the statement of Allah: {Verily Allah only accepts the actions of the Mutaqeen (pious)}” [Qur’an Surah al-Ma’idah 5:27]
قال ابن دينار: الخوف على العمل أن لا يتقبل أشد من العمل
وقال عطاء السلمي: الحذر الاتقاء على العمل أن لا يكون لله
وقال عبد العزيز بن أبي رواد: أدركتهم يجتهدون في العمل الصالح فإذا فعلوه وقع عليهم الهم أيقبل منهم أم لا.
Malik bin Dinar said: “Fear that an action is not accepted is more difficult than performing the action itself.
‘Ataa as Sulamee stated: “The pious fear that their righteous actions were not done sincerely for Allah.
Abdul Azeez ibn Abee Ruwaad said: “I have met people very diligent in performing actions, and upon completion of those actions they are faced with sadness in fear of the action being accepted or not.
قال بعض السلف كانوا يدعون الله ستة أشهر أن يبلغهم شهر رمضان ثم يدعون الله ستة أشهر أن يتقبله منهم
عض السلف يظهر عليه الحزن يوم عيد الفطر فيقال له: إنه يوم فرح وسرور فيقول: صدقتم ولكني عبد أمرني مولاي أن أعمل له عملا فلا أدري أيقبله مني أم لا؟.
Some Salaf used to say: The people of the past would supplicate 6 months to Allah to allow them to reach the month of Ramadan, and then upon completion of the month, they would again supplicate 6 months (begging) for acceptance of their fast.
Some of the Salaf would display sadness on the day of Eid. It was said to them: This is a day of happiness and joy! They would respond: You have spoken the truth, but I am a servant, my Lord has ordered me to perform an action but I am not sure if He will accept it from me or not.
رأى وهب بن الورد قوما يضحكون في يوم عيد فقال: إن كان هؤلاء تقبل منهم صيامهم فما هذا فعل الشاكرين وإن كان لم يتقبل منهم صيامهم فما هذا فعل الخائفين
وعن الحسن قال: إن الله جعل شهر رمضان مضمارا لخلقه يستبقون فيه بطاعته إلى مرضاته فسبق قوم ففازوا وتخلف آخرون فخابوا فالعجب من اللاعب الضاحك في اليوم الذي يفوز فيه المحسنون ويخسر فيه المبطلون.
Wahb ibn al-Warid noticed people laughing on the day of Eid, upon seeing this he stated: “If their fast was accepted, then know that this is not the action of those who are grateful, and if it was not accepted, then this is not the action of those who are afraid.
Hasan (al Basri) stated: “Indeed Allah has made Ramadan a means of gain for His creation. (Within this month) they race to gain His pleasure through obedience to Him. Some individuals will gain (win), while others will remain back and lose. It is amazing to see a person playing and laughing on a day that the good doers will be rewarded, and the wrong doers will be defeated.
Source: ”Lata’if al-Ma’arif fima li Mawasim al-Aam min al-Wadha’if” of Ibn Rajab, pages 209-210

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