This is the delight of a journey to share knowlege with those who are thirsty of love ,fear and hope for Allah Azza wa Jal.May this be an humble quest for all of an quenching thirst for knowlege,and an endless request of help,understanding and Hidaya Taufiq from Allah.O treasurer of Knowlege may you all live the Blessing of this command 'Iqra !
iqra bismi rabbika ladhi khalaq...'
Praise be to Allaah.
Discussion of the grandfather of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) comes under the heading of rulings on
the people of the fatrah which, as Ibn Katheer said, refers to the
interval between two Prophets, such as that between ‘Eesa (peace be upon
him) and Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), when
there was a break in the Message.
(Tafseer al-Qur’aan il-‘Azeem, 2/35. See also Jam’ al-Jawaami’ by al-Subki, 1/63; Rooh al-Ma’aani by al-Aaloosi, 6/103.
The scholars divided these people into two categories:
1 – Those whom the call reached and
2 – Those whom the call did not reach, so they remained unaware.
The first category may be further divided into two groups:
(i) Those whom the call reached and who believed in Allaah alone and
did not associate anything with Him, such as Qiss ibn Saa’idah and Zayd
ibn ‘Amr ibn Nufayl. See al-Bidaayah a’l-Nihaayah, 2/230; Fath al-Baari,
(ii) Those whom the call reached but they changed it and associated
others with Allaah, such as ‘Amr ibn Luhayy who changed the religion of
Ibraaheem and of whom the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “I saw ‘Amr ibn ‘Aamir ibn Luhayy al-Khuzaa’i dragging his
intestines in Hell.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3521; Muslim, 2856.
It was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) that his parents are in Hell. Muslim (203) narrated that a man
said: “O Messenger of Allaah, where is my father?’ He said: “In Hell.”
When the man turned away, he called him back and said: “My father and
your father are in Hell.”
With regard to his mother he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “I asked my Lord for permission to pray for forgiveness for
my mother, and He did not give me permission. I asked him for permission
to visit her grave, and He gave me permission.” Narrated by Muslim,
Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the first hadeeth:
This indicates that whoever died during the fatrah (interval between
two Prophets) following the way of the Arabs at that time, namely
idol-worship, is among the people of Hell. We cannot say that the
message did not reach these people, because the message of Ibraaheem and
other Prophets had reached these people.
Sharh Saheeh Muslim, 3/79.
However some scholars have tried to defend the parents of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and say that they will be
saved from Hell, and that Allaah brought them back to life after they
had died, and they became Muslim and believed in the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him), then they died like that (as Muslims).
They quoted as evidence for this mawdoo’ (fabricated) and da’eef jiddan
(very weak) ahaadeeth which cannot be regarded as evidence.
See al-Haawi li’l-Fataawi, 2/202
The scholars refuted this idea.
Everything that has been narrated concerning the parents of the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) being brought back
to life and believing and being saved is mostly fabrications and lies,
and some of it is da’eef jiddan (very weak) and is not saheeh at all,
according to the consensus of the leading hadeeth scholars who judged it
to be mawdoo’ (fabricated) and da’eef (weak), such as al-Daaraqutni,
al-Jawzaqaani, Ibn Shaheen, al-Khateeb, Ibn ‘Asaakir, Ibn Naasir, Ibn
al-Jawzi, al-Suhayli, al-Qurtubi and others. ‘Awn al-Ma’bood, 12/494.
See also Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 4/324
We should understand that blood ties will not save anyone from the
wrath of Allaah. Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Whoever dies in kufr will be in Hell and his blood ties will not benefit him at all. Sharh Saheeh Muslim, 3/79.
The ruling on the parents and grandfather of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) is no exception to that. The father of
Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) was a kaafir and remained so until he
died, and Ibraaheem disavowed himself of him, as Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“And Ibraaheem’s (Abraham) invoking (of Allaah) for his father’s
forgiveness was only because of a promise he [Ibraaheem (Abraham)] had
made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him that he (his
father) is an enemy of Allaah, he dissociated himself from him”
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) even stated
this clearly, when the following verse was revealed (interpretation of
“And warn your tribe (O Muhammad) of near kindred”
He said: "O people of Quraysh (or said similar words)! Buy (i.e.
save) yourselves (from the Hellfire) as I cannot save you from Allaah's
punishment. O Bani Abd Manaaf, I cannot save you from Allaah's
punishment. O ‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, I cannot save you from
Allaah's punishment. O Safiyyah, aunt of the Messenger of Allaah, I
cannot save you from Allaah's punishment. O Faatimah daughter of
Muhammad, Ask me for whatever you want of my wealth, but I cannot save
you from Allaah's punishment.”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2753; Muslim, 206.
No Muslim should let his feelings for the Messenger of Allaah (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his relatives make him issue
judgements without clear proof and knowledge, lest that lead to loss in
this world and in the Hereafter. And Allaah is the One Whose help we