Thursday, October 2, 2014

Friday sermon: Prophetic document prohibits extremism

Ruling on delaying Jamrat to the last day and throwing all the pebbles at one time

Is it permissible for the pilgrim to stone the Jamrat (stone pillars at which pebbles are thrown during Hajj) of the Days of Tashriq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah) all in one day, being the first or the last of the Days of Tashriq or the Day of Nahr (Sacrifice, 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, when pilgrims slaughter their sacrificial animals) then spend the night in Mina for two or three days without throwing the pebbles at the Jamrat as they are to be thrown in one day? Or should the throwing be done in order, each day separately? Kindly point this out to us, supporting your answer with evidence. 

A: Stoning the Jamrat is one of the obligations of Hajj and should be done on

(Part No. 17; Page No. 377)

the Day of ‘Eid (Day of Nahr) and the following three Days of Tashriq for those who are not in a hurry to leave Mina on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah and the first two Days of Tashriq for those who are in a hurry. Throwing the pebbles should be done each day after midday. This is based on the action of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his saying: Learn your (Hajj) rituals from me except on the day of Nahr which is all fit for throwing, though it is better to do it after sunrise, except for those who have excuses who are permitted to stone Jamrat-ul-‘Aqabah on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah after 12:00 p.m. It is not permissible to stone the Jamrat before its due time; as for delaying it, this is permissible in cases of extreme necessity such as to avoid overcrowding, according to a group of scholars on the basis of Qiyas (analogy) with those who provide water for the pilgrims whom the Prophet (peace be upon him) gave Rukhsah (concession) to stone the three Jamrat of two days on the second one of them, i.e., 12th of Dhul-Hijjah. But in such a case, the correct order is still obligatory: one must begin by stoning with the intention of performing it for `Eid day, then one stones with the intention of performing it for the first day, then for the second day, and then for the third day, if the person is not in a hurry to leave. Then Tawaf-ul-Wada‘ (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah on leaving Makkah) is to be performed. Allah knows best. 

Ascending to Hira’ Cave

  Some pilgrims have accidents while ascending Al-Nur Mountain and descending the Cave (Hira’). Therefore, some people suggested establishing stairways that lead to the Cave, along with blocking any other ways leading to it by iron grids, to prevent anyone from going there except through the specified route for ascending and descending.

A: Ascending the mentioned Cave is neither of the Hajj rituals, nor of the Sunnah (supererogatory acts of worship following the example of the Prophet) acts in Islam; rather, it is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) and is one of the means leading to Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship). Accordingly, people must be prohibited from ascending it; stairways should not be established, and ascension to it should not be facilitated by any means, pursuant to the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. (Agreed upon its authenticity by Imams Al-Bukhari and Muslim) More than fourteen centuries have passed since the rise of Islam and the outset of revelation, and we have not known that any of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet), or the Muslim rulers who were in charge of the rituals in the past have done this. The welfare of everyone is in following their way and treading in their footsteps, in the hope of attaining Reward from Allah,---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Menstruating on the day of stoning the largest Jamarah

  A woman began menstruating while performing the rites of Hajj on the day of stoning the largest Jamarah (Jamrat-ul-‘Aqabah: the closest stone pillar to Makkah). What is the ruling on her performing Tawaf-ul-Ifadah (final obligatory circumambulation around the Ka‘bah in Hajj) and Tawaf-ul-Wada‘ (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah on leaving Makkah)?

A: After stoning Jamrat-ul-‘Aqabah and trimming her hair, everything is permissible for her except having conjugal relations with her husband. However, she is still obliged to perform Tawaf around the Ka‘bah (Tawaf-ul-Ifadah) that can only be performed in a state of Taharah (ritual purity). Accordingly, if Allah wills that she becomes pure before leaving Makkah, then she can perform Tawaf-ul-Ifadah. If this is beyond her ability, and she must leave for her country, she may return again then perform it. However, her husband must not approach her until she performs Tawaf-ul-Ifadah. On the other hand, if she performed Tawaf-ul-Ifadah and then menstruated before performing Tawaf-ul-Wada‘, then she is exempted from performing it, because Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) stated: The people were commanded that the last thing they should do is to circumambulate the House (the Ka‘bah), but an exception was made for menstruating women---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Days to offer sacrifice

It is permissible for a pilgrim to slaughter during the day or the night, whether it is Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims) of Tamattu‘ (`Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between), Qiran (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between) or Ud-hiyah. The days of sacrifice are: the Day of ‘Eid-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice), and the three days following it which end with the sunset of the thirteenth day (of Dhul-Hijjah), after ‘Eid.

Udhiyah – What should be eaten and what should be given away

The scholars (may Allaah have mercy on them) differed concerning the amounts that should be eaten and given as gifts and in charity. The matter is broad in scope but the best way is to eat one-third, give one-third as gifts and give one-third in charity. What one is permitted to eat may also be stored, even for a long time, so long as that will not result in any harm being caused by eating it, except in times of famine, when it is not permitted to store it for more than three days, because of the hadeeth of Salamah ibn al-Akwa’ (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever among you offers a sacrifice should not have anything of it left in his house after three days.” The following year, they said, “O Messenger of Allaah, should we do what we did last year?” He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Eat some, give some to others and store some, for last year the people were having a hard time and I wanted you to help (the needy).” Agreed upon. With regard to the permission to eat and give away the meat of the udhiyah it makes no difference whether the sacrifice is voluntary or obligatory, or whether it is offered on behalf of a living person or a deceased one, or in fulfillment of a will, because the executor of the will takes the place of the person who made it, and the person who made the will would eat, give away and give in charity. And because this is the custom among people, and that which is done customarily is like that which is spoken. 

It is haraam to sell any part of the udhiyah, whether that is the meat or any other part, including the skin. And the butcher should not be given any part of it in return for his work or part of it, because that is like selling. 
But if a person gives the butcher some of it as a gift or as an act of charity, then he may dispose of it however he wishes, by selling it or otherwise, but he should not sell it to the one who gave it to him.

Giving a part of Ud-hiyah to non-Muslim neighbors

If a neighbor is a Kafir (non-Muslim), but he never disturbs me with regard to ‘Ibadah (worship); is it permissible to give him from the Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims) and from the ‘Aqiqah (sacrifice for a newborn)? Respected Shaykh, we hope you will clarify this issue for us.

A: It is permissible to give a Kafir from the meat of an Ud-hiyah or ‘Aqiqah, as a way of showing kindness to the neighbor and fulfilling our Islamic duty as neighbors.



There is no day on which people are saved from hellfire like the Day of Arafat, worshippers will be told on Friday.
“On a day like this, the Prophet, peace be upon him, stood in Arafat during the farewell sermon during the 10th year of hijra and gave a great speech,” the sermon says. During his speech, he reminded Muslims that every Muslim’s life and property is sacred and people should therefore not breach each other’s rights.
“O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust.”
Through his words, the Prophet was keen on preserving rights in societies and human blood.
A verse from the Quran says: “There hath come unto you a messenger, (one) of yourselves, unto whom ought that ye are overburdened is grievous, full of concern for you, for the believers full of pity, merciful.”
The sermon says that the Prophet’s words are the biggest deterrent for those who accuse other Muslims of being non-believers in order to shed their blood and abuse their rights and honour.
“And terrorise the secure ones following paths of extremism and violence ... this prophetic document which the Prophet announced in his farewell sermon prohibits any extremism ... and carries a message to the whole world, to Muslims and non Muslims, on the benefits of Islamic legislations,” the sermon says.
“The prophetic warnings in the farewell sermon emphasise that we should portray the forgiveness of our religion, the beauty of our values and principles ...” the sermon concludes.

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