“And remind them of the days of Allah. Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful,” Friday’s sermon cites from the Quran.
The Prophet Mohammed illustrated the meaning of the verse, saying: “Days of Allah means the grace [favours] of Allah.”
Incidents from the days of the Prophet and his companions of their high efforts in worship and good deeds during Ramadan are many.
They used to say: “There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month, during which Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, has enjoined you to fast. In it the gates of heavens are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and every devil is chained up. In it Allah has a night which is better than a thousand months; whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.”
While all the rewards for various acts of worship and good deeds are maximised in Ramadan, the reward for fasting remains a mystery.
A hadith qudsi by the Prophet Mohammed quoting Allah says: “Every act of the son of Adam is for him except fasting. It is done for My sake, and I will give a reward for it.
“For Muslims, Quran and fasting during Ramadan are the path to intercession and forgiveness,” continues the sermon.
Another hadith says: “Fasting and Quran will intercede on behalf of the servant, fasting will say, ‘O Allah, I deprived him from eating and drinking, let me intercede for him’.” In addition, the Quran says: “O Allah, I deprived him from sleeping at night let me intercede for him.” In the end, they are permitted to intercede on his behalf.
The sermon reminds worshippers of the importance of supplication during holy times when people are closer to their creator.
“Please seize the opportunity while you are closer to Allah by supplicating to Him. Indeed prayer is the fruit of worshipping, rather its core and essence.
“And when My servants ask you, [O Mohammed], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided,” says the Quran.
The sermon concludes by reminding people of the importance of not letting food go to waste.
“When anyone of you drops a mouthful he should pick it up and remove any of the filth on it, and then eat it, and should not leave it for the Satan, and should not wipe his hand with a towel until he has licked his fingers, for he does not know in what portion of the food the blessing lies,” the Prophet Mohammed said. “He who has surplus of provisions should give them to him who has no provisions.”